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Articles

en, lt
An introduction to Binding Origin Information
20-04-2021

If an importer or exporter is unsure about the origin of their goods, or simply wants legal certainty, they can apply for a Binding Origin Information decision (BOI).A BOI, also referred to as an advance ruling on origin, is a written decision on the origin of the good, issued by Customs to a company prior to an importation or exportation. The decision can cover preferential or non-preferential origin.

Mette Werdelin Azzam

origin of goods
en, lt
An introduction to Binding Origin Information
20-04-2021

If an importer or exporter is unsure about the origin of their goods, or simply wants legal certainty, they can apply for a Binding Origin Information decision (BOI).A BOI, also referred to as an advance ruling on origin, is a written decision on the origin of the good, issued by Customs to a company prior to an importation or exportation. The decision can cover preferential or non-preferential origin.

Mette Werdelin Azzam

origin of goods
en, lt
EU law news: April 2021
17-04-2021

News in week 15. An updated version of the correlation table between dual-use (DU) codes and 2021 CN codes. Classification of rods of tungsten alloy. Anti-dumping duty on imports of citric acid, aluminium flat-rolled products. Amended regulations regarding animal health certificates. Read for more news.

Customs Practitioners Association

national legislation
en, lt
EU law news: April 2021
17-04-2021

News in week 15. An updated version of the correlation table between dual-use (DU) codes and 2021 CN codes. Classification of rods of tungsten alloy. Anti-dumping duty on imports of citric acid, aluminium flat-rolled products. Amended regulations regarding animal health certificates. Read for more news.

Customs Practitioners Association

national legislation
en
Managing customs risk and compliance: an integrated approach
14-04-2021

This article introduces a contemporary framework for managing compliance in the customs context that fully integrates the principal elements of customs risk and compliance management. In doing so, it explores the manifold resources that have been developed by the World Customs Organization (WCO) and other parties that may be used by administrations to support implementation of the framework. The integrated model draws together the author’s contribution to the literature over several years and provides practitioners with a logical and inclusive methodology for managing compliance at a strategic or operational level.

Dr. David Widdowson

compliance and risk management
en
Managing customs risk and compliance: an integrated approach
14-04-2021

This article introduces a contemporary framework for managing compliance in the customs context that fully integrates the principal elements of customs risk and compliance management. In doing so, it explores the manifold resources that have been developed by the World Customs Organization (WCO) and other parties that may be used by administrations to support implementation of the framework. The integrated model draws together the author’s contribution to the literature over several years and provides practitioners with a logical and inclusive methodology for managing compliance at a strategic or operational level.

Dr. David Widdowson

compliance and risk management
en
A coffee break with… Mette Werdelin Azzam
10-04-2021

This is the first “coffee break” article in our new series featuring thought leaders in the field of customs. Our guest is Mette Werdelin Azzam, a rules of origin geek who spent a decade at the World Customs Organization (WCO) as the Senior Technical Officer focusing on origin. She is now is working as an independent Customs and Trade Agreement Specialist with rules of origin as her main expertise and passion.

Mette Werdelin Azzam, Jessica Yang

origin of goods
en
A coffee break with… Mette Werdelin Azzam
10-04-2021

This is the first “coffee break” article in our new series featuring thought leaders in the field of customs. Our guest is Mette Werdelin Azzam, a rules of origin geek who spent a decade at the World Customs Organization (WCO) as the Senior Technical Officer focusing on origin. She is now is working as an independent Customs and Trade Agreement Specialist with rules of origin as her main expertise and passion.

Mette Werdelin Azzam, Jessica Yang

origin of goods
en, es
Mexican tariff code: the fifth pair of digits
10-04-2021

In the Mexican United States, the tariff code is found in the law called “Ley de los Impuestos Generales de Importación y de Exportación” (“Law of General Import and Export Taxes”). The law had important modifications recently, which were published on July 1st, 2020 to go into effect on December 28th of the same year.

Coral Rocha

tariff classification of goods
en, es
Mexican tariff code: the fifth pair of digits
10-04-2021

In the Mexican United States, the tariff code is found in the law called “Ley de los Impuestos Generales de Importación y de Exportación” (“Law of General Import and Export Taxes”). The law had important modifications recently, which were published on July 1st, 2020 to go into effect on December 28th of the same year.

Coral Rocha

tariff classification of goods
en
Managing the cost of making customs declarations: are software solutions the future?
07-04-2021

How much does it cost? When goods cross a border, customs formalities must be completed. Customs brokers help businesses complete these formalities. In the UK, £32.50 per declaration is HMRC’s estimated cost of this service, but in reality, the price tag can be as high as £150 per declaration. For businesses trading between the UK and the EU, this is an additional cost of Brexit. Unlike customs duties, this cost cannot be reduced by using the EU–UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement. Many businesses are considering completing customs declarations in-house with the help of software solutions. But is this the right option for everyone?

Jessica Yang, Toby Spink

electronic systems; novel technologies
en
Managing the cost of making customs declarations: are software solutions the future?
07-04-2021

How much does it cost? When goods cross a border, customs formalities must be completed. Customs brokers help businesses complete these formalities. In the UK, £32.50 per declaration is HMRC’s estimated cost of this service, but in reality, the price tag can be as high as £150 per declaration. For businesses trading between the UK and the EU, this is an additional cost of Brexit. Unlike customs duties, this cost cannot be reduced by using the EU–UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement. Many businesses are considering completing customs declarations in-house with the help of software solutions. But is this the right option for everyone?

Jessica Yang, Toby Spink

electronic systems; novel technologies
en, lt
Customs law: context of internationality
07-04-2021

We, Milda Stravinskė and Monika Bielskienė met to discuss the broader context of our day-to-day customs activities – Internationality. First and foremost, customs law is a 'companion' to international trade, so the international context and cooperation, common rules, agreements, and approaches, are inevitable. No importer or customs authority operates in isolation. The need to reconcile many spheres and interests leads to an abundance of international agreements and requirements. While preparing the courses for customs brokers, we both saw the need to disclose this context to our future colleagues. The easiest way to do this is by sharing personal experiences. So we talked about it.

Monika Bielskienė, Milda Stravinskė

international sources of law; organisations
en, lt
Customs law: context of internationality
07-04-2021

We, Milda Stravinskė and Monika Bielskienė met to discuss the broader context of our day-to-day customs activities – Internationality. First and foremost, customs law is a 'companion' to international trade, so the international context and cooperation, common rules, agreements, and approaches, are inevitable. No importer or customs authority operates in isolation. The need to reconcile many spheres and interests leads to an abundance of international agreements and requirements. While preparing the courses for customs brokers, we both saw the need to disclose this context to our future colleagues. The easiest way to do this is by sharing personal experiences. So we talked about it.

Monika Bielskienė, Milda Stravinskė

international sources of law; organisations
en, lt
EU law news: March 2021
03-04-2021

News in week 13. Judgements of the Court of Justice of the European Union: tariff classification of bank note validator and cash boxes (headings 8472 and 9031), inward processing and failure to present goods to customs, anti-dumping duties on imports of certain seamless pipes and tubes of iron or steel originating in the People’s Republic of China. Regulation imposing a definitive anti-dumping duty on imports of aluminium extrusions originating in the People’s Republic of China.

Customs Practitioners Association

national legislation
en, lt
EU law news: March 2021
03-04-2021

News in week 13. Judgements of the Court of Justice of the European Union: tariff classification of bank note validator and cash boxes (headings 8472 and 9031), inward processing and failure to present goods to customs, anti-dumping duties on imports of certain seamless pipes and tubes of iron or steel originating in the People’s Republic of China. Regulation imposing a definitive anti-dumping duty on imports of aluminium extrusions originating in the People’s Republic of China.

Customs Practitioners Association

national legislation
lt
Muitinės mokesčių apskaitos ir kontrolės informacinė sistema (MAKIS). Naujas funkcionalumas!
01-04-2021

Naudojant MAKIS paslaugų portalą, mokesčių mokėtojams teikiama informacija apie jų mokestinį balansą, įsiskolinimus muitinei ir mokėtinas sumas, Valstybinėje mokesčių inspekcijoje įskaitomą pridėtinės vertės mokestį, mokestinių prievolių išieškojimo būklę ir kitus muitinės mokesčių mokėtojams aktualius sistemoje esančius duomenis. Mokesčių mokėtojai turi galimybę per portalą pateikti prašymus, susijusius su muitinės administruojamais mokesčiais. Nuo 2020 m. rugsėjo 1 d. portale įgyvendinta galimybė mokesčių mokėtojui, gavus atsakymą į užklausą apie jo mokestinį balansą, mygtuko „Mokėti“ paspaudimu atlikti mokėtinos sumos ar jos dalies sumokėjimą elektroninėje erdvėje. Netolimoje ateityje laukia ir daugiau patobulinimų, siekiant portalą pritaikyti kuo patogesniam deklaracijų už smulkias siuntas apmokėjimo procesui.

Paulius Bindokas, Kristina Boičukė

electronic systems; novel technologies
lt
Muitinės mokesčių apskaitos ir kontrolės informacinė sistema (MAKIS). Naujas funkcionalumas!
01-04-2021

Naudojant MAKIS paslaugų portalą, mokesčių mokėtojams teikiama informacija apie jų mokestinį balansą, įsiskolinimus muitinei ir mokėtinas sumas, Valstybinėje mokesčių inspekcijoje įskaitomą pridėtinės vertės mokestį, mokestinių prievolių išieškojimo būklę ir kitus muitinės mokesčių mokėtojams aktualius sistemoje esančius duomenis. Mokesčių mokėtojai turi galimybę per portalą pateikti prašymus, susijusius su muitinės administruojamais mokesčiais. Nuo 2020 m. rugsėjo 1 d. portale įgyvendinta galimybė mokesčių mokėtojui, gavus atsakymą į užklausą apie jo mokestinį balansą, mygtuko „Mokėti“ paspaudimu atlikti mokėtinos sumos ar jos dalies sumokėjimą elektroninėje erdvėje. Netolimoje ateityje laukia ir daugiau patobulinimų, siekiant portalą pritaikyti kuo patogesniam deklaracijų už smulkias siuntas apmokėjimo procesui.

Paulius Bindokas, Kristina Boičukė

electronic systems; novel technologies
lt
LR teisinės aktualijos: kovas 2021
01-04-2021

Kovo mėnesį aktualijų temos: cheminės medžiagos (REACH), vakcinų eksporto leidimai, kovai su Covid skirtų medicinos prekių siuntų deklaravimas, prekių gabenamų vykdant karinę veiklą deklaravimas (NATO 302-oji forma arba ES 302-oji forma), dokumentų nacionalinių kodų sąrašas, galutinio vartojimo procedūra, įvežimo bendrosios deklaracijos pateikimas ir daugiau!

UAB Muita

national legislation
lt
LR teisinės aktualijos: kovas 2021
01-04-2021

Kovo mėnesį aktualijų temos: cheminės medžiagos (REACH), vakcinų eksporto leidimai, kovai su Covid skirtų medicinos prekių siuntų deklaravimas, prekių gabenamų vykdant karinę veiklą deklaravimas (NATO 302-oji forma arba ES 302-oji forma), dokumentų nacionalinių kodų sąrašas, galutinio vartojimo procedūra, įvežimo bendrosios deklaracijos pateikimas ir daugiau!

UAB Muita

national legislation
en, fr, lt
WCO releases new online tool to support actors in international trade: www.wcotradetools.org
31-03-2021

Get to know more about WCOTradeTools.org and watch a video with some practical applications on the platform. Benefit also from a promotional code on the purchase of your subscription!

Publications & Data Solutions Department - WCO

electronic systems; novel technologies
en, fr, lt
WCO releases new online tool to support actors in international trade: www.wcotradetools.org
31-03-2021

Get to know more about WCOTradeTools.org and watch a video with some practical applications on the platform. Benefit also from a promotional code on the purchase of your subscription!

Publications & Data Solutions Department - WCO

electronic systems; novel technologies
lt
Administracinė atsakomybė už prekių, kurioms nustatyti apribojimai ar draudimai, gabenimo tvarkos pažeidimus
29-03-2021

Tarptautinės prekybos praktikoje neretai tenka susidurti su situacijomis, kai į ES bei Lietuvos Respublikos muitų teritoriją tenka įvežti ar iš jos išvežti prekes, kurių importui, eksportui ar tranzitui taikomi papildomai apribojimai, draudimai arba specialus režimas (gabenimas leidžiamas tik turint galiojantį leidimą, licenciją ar kitą dokumentą). Praktiniu požiūriu tokiais atvejais dažnai kyla klausimas kas ir kada atsako (administracine tvarka) už tokių prekių gabenimo pažeidimus muitinėje bei kuomet atsakomybė kyla būtent muitinės tarpininkui? Straipsnyje, pasitelkiant naujausią Lietuvos Aukščiausiojo Teismo praktiką (2021 m.), siekiama atsakyti į visus šiuos klausimus bei pateikiamos rekomendacijos, leidžiančios mažinti bei valdyti atsakomybės taikymo rizikas.

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

customs broker, declarant, infringements and sanctions, case-law
lt
Administracinė atsakomybė už prekių, kurioms nustatyti apribojimai ar draudimai, gabenimo tvarkos pažeidimus
29-03-2021

Tarptautinės prekybos praktikoje neretai tenka susidurti su situacijomis, kai į ES bei Lietuvos Respublikos muitų teritoriją tenka įvežti ar iš jos išvežti prekes, kurių importui, eksportui ar tranzitui taikomi papildomai apribojimai, draudimai arba specialus režimas (gabenimas leidžiamas tik turint galiojantį leidimą, licenciją ar kitą dokumentą). Praktiniu požiūriu tokiais atvejais dažnai kyla klausimas kas ir kada atsako (administracine tvarka) už tokių prekių gabenimo pažeidimus muitinėje bei kuomet atsakomybė kyla būtent muitinės tarpininkui? Straipsnyje, pasitelkiant naujausią Lietuvos Aukščiausiojo Teismo praktiką (2021 m.), siekiama atsakyti į visus šiuos klausimus bei pateikiamos rekomendacijos, leidžiančios mažinti bei valdyti atsakomybės taikymo rizikas.

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

customs broker, declarant, infringements and sanctions, case-law
lt
Prekių klasifikavimo teisingumo įrodinėjimo procedūriniai klausimai
29-03-2021

Tinkamo ir teisingo prekių tarifinio klasifikavimo užtikrinimas yra aktuali praktinė problema. Būtent netikslus prekių suklasifikavimas pagal ES Kombinuotąją Nomenklatūrą labai dažnai yra viena pagrindinių mokestinių ginčų su muitine priežasčių. Verslo subjektams, susidūrus su tokiomis situacijomis, kai siekiama ginčyti muitinės sprendimus dėl atlikto prekių klasifikavimo peržiūrėjimo, yra labai svarbu žinoti kokios yra jų procedūrinės teisės teikti reikiamus naujus įrodymus dėl klasifikavimo teisingumo bei reikalauti muitinės atlikti papildomus tikrinimo veiksmus. Atsižvelgiant į tai, straipsnyje, pasitelkdami naujausią Lietuvos vyriausiojo administracinio teismo praktiką mokestinių ginčų bylose, apžvelgiame minėtus klausimus ir dėl jų pateiktus teismo išaiškinimus.

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

customs inspections and controls, tariff classification of goods
lt
Prekių klasifikavimo teisingumo įrodinėjimo procedūriniai klausimai
29-03-2021

Tinkamo ir teisingo prekių tarifinio klasifikavimo užtikrinimas yra aktuali praktinė problema. Būtent netikslus prekių suklasifikavimas pagal ES Kombinuotąją Nomenklatūrą labai dažnai yra viena pagrindinių mokestinių ginčų su muitine priežasčių. Verslo subjektams, susidūrus su tokiomis situacijomis, kai siekiama ginčyti muitinės sprendimus dėl atlikto prekių klasifikavimo peržiūrėjimo, yra labai svarbu žinoti kokios yra jų procedūrinės teisės teikti reikiamus naujus įrodymus dėl klasifikavimo teisingumo bei reikalauti muitinės atlikti papildomus tikrinimo veiksmus. Atsižvelgiant į tai, straipsnyje, pasitelkdami naujausią Lietuvos vyriausiojo administracinio teismo praktiką mokestinių ginčų bylose, apžvelgiame minėtus klausimus ir dėl jų pateiktus teismo išaiškinimus.

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

customs inspections and controls, tariff classification of goods
en
How to enhance customs risk management with external data?
27-03-2021

The Pan-European Network of Customs Practitioners (PEN-CP) has published a study that explores the data landscapes of the today’s customs world, marking yet another concrete highlight for the world’s first innovation-boosting customs network.

Dr. Toni Männistö, Dr. Juha Hintsa, Vladlen Tsikolenko

electronic systems; novel technologies
en
How to enhance customs risk management with external data?
27-03-2021

The Pan-European Network of Customs Practitioners (PEN-CP) has published a study that explores the data landscapes of the today’s customs world, marking yet another concrete highlight for the world’s first innovation-boosting customs network.

Dr. Toni Männistö, Dr. Juha Hintsa, Vladlen Tsikolenko

electronic systems; novel technologies
en, lt, ru
EU hard law: hierarchy, types, and opportunities
27-03-2021

Sources of European Union (EU) law can be classified according to their binding nature. 'Hard law' defines binding legislation, and 'soft law' includes non-obligatory guidelines, recommendations, opinions. Andrius Košel has published an excellent article on soft law and here we will examine hierarchy and types of hard law, as well as opportunities in its application.

Monika Bielskienė

national legislation
en, lt, ru
EU hard law: hierarchy, types, and opportunities
27-03-2021

Sources of European Union (EU) law can be classified according to their binding nature. 'Hard law' defines binding legislation, and 'soft law' includes non-obligatory guidelines, recommendations, opinions. Andrius Košel has published an excellent article on soft law and here we will examine hierarchy and types of hard law, as well as opportunities in its application.

Monika Bielskienė

national legislation
en
The concept of a customs debtor and the case-law in Lithuania
25-03-2021

In tax disputes with customs authorities, the question often arises as to whether a person in respect of whom a customs debt is calculated can be regarded as a customs debtor. This issue is particularly evident in cases where the person concerned did not import the taxable goods himself, but only indirectly or directly contributed to their importation. While in the European Union (EU) such issues are mainly regulated and covered by the Union Customs Code, in practice the implementation of EU customs law differs in various EU Member States, which sometimes even adopt their own national laws in this area. With this in mind, the article discusses the latest practice in Lithuania and the position of its national courts whether such an expansive interpretation of the concept of customs debtor is possible and in which cases.

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

customs duty and taxes
en
The concept of a customs debtor and the case-law in Lithuania
25-03-2021

In tax disputes with customs authorities, the question often arises as to whether a person in respect of whom a customs debt is calculated can be regarded as a customs debtor. This issue is particularly evident in cases where the person concerned did not import the taxable goods himself, but only indirectly or directly contributed to their importation. While in the European Union (EU) such issues are mainly regulated and covered by the Union Customs Code, in practice the implementation of EU customs law differs in various EU Member States, which sometimes even adopt their own national laws in this area. With this in mind, the article discusses the latest practice in Lithuania and the position of its national courts whether such an expansive interpretation of the concept of customs debtor is possible and in which cases.

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

customs duty and taxes
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