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Articles

en, lt
EU Law News: October 2020
31-10-2020

Some of the news: Combined Nomenclature 2021; preparations for the 66th session of the Harmonized System Committee; new TARIC subheadings for protective face masks; extended period for relief from import duties and VAT exemption on importation granted for goods needed to combat the effects of the COVID-19; latest edition of WCO News looks more specifically at Customs valuation.

Customs Practitioners Association

national legislation
en, lt
EU Law News: October 2020
31-10-2020

Some of the news: Combined Nomenclature 2021; preparations for the 66th session of the Harmonized System Committee; new TARIC subheadings for protective face masks; extended period for relief from import duties and VAT exemption on importation granted for goods needed to combat the effects of the COVID-19; latest edition of WCO News looks more specifically at Customs valuation.

Customs Practitioners Association

national legislation
en, lt
Free of charge software and customs valuation
31-10-2020

Court of Justice of European Union (CJEU) remained with its position that the economic value of software should be added to the transaction value of imported goods, despite the fact that it was designed in the European Union and transferred to the third-country manufacturer free of charge.

Monika Bielskienė

customs value/valuation
en, lt
Free of charge software and customs valuation
31-10-2020

Court of Justice of European Union (CJEU) remained with its position that the economic value of software should be added to the transaction value of imported goods, despite the fact that it was designed in the European Union and transferred to the third-country manufacturer free of charge.

Monika Bielskienė

customs value/valuation
en, lt
New version of European Commission‘s Guidance on Customs Valuation – an overview of changes
14-11-2020

On 25 September 2020, the European Commission has published a new version of the Guidance on Customs Valuation. Although this document is not legally binding, it is considered an important tool for the interpretation of the EU customs legislation. The guidance aims to ensure a common understanding between customs and economic operators and to provide a tool to facilitate the correct and harmonized application of customs legislation in the Member States. The guidance is expected to be included in the EU Customs Valuation Compendium in 2021.

Jovita Mikšienė

customs value/valuation
en, lt
New version of European Commission‘s Guidance on Customs Valuation – an overview of changes
14-11-2020

On 25 September 2020, the European Commission has published a new version of the Guidance on Customs Valuation. Although this document is not legally binding, it is considered an important tool for the interpretation of the EU customs legislation. The guidance aims to ensure a common understanding between customs and economic operators and to provide a tool to facilitate the correct and harmonized application of customs legislation in the Member States. The guidance is expected to be included in the EU Customs Valuation Compendium in 2021.

Jovita Mikšienė

customs value/valuation
en, fr, lt
Some thoughts on current important issues
31-10-2020

The Lithuanian Customs Practitioners Association (LCPA) is a very dynamic organization which publishes a journal called the Customs Compliance & Risk Management Journal for Practitioners. To stimulate the exchange of ideas between Journal contributors, the Association decided to create a writers’ group which met online for the first time on 18 August 2020. Customs specialists from various backgrounds shared their perspectives on the issues they perceived to be important in their respective countries or areas of work. This article highlights some of these issues and invites you to read the Journal to learn more about the writers’ views.

Enrika Naujokė

en, fr, lt
Some thoughts on current important issues
31-10-2020

The Lithuanian Customs Practitioners Association (LCPA) is a very dynamic organization which publishes a journal called the Customs Compliance & Risk Management Journal for Practitioners. To stimulate the exchange of ideas between Journal contributors, the Association decided to create a writers’ group which met online for the first time on 18 August 2020. Customs specialists from various backgrounds shared their perspectives on the issues they perceived to be important in their respective countries or areas of work. This article highlights some of these issues and invites you to read the Journal to learn more about the writers’ views.

Enrika Naujokė

en, fr, lt
Customs Valuation, shedding light on a technical but critical topic for Customs
31-10-2020

Adam Smith, author of “The Wealth of Nations”, wrote that Customs duties have been “in use for time immemorial”. To a large extent, this assertion is correct. The practice of taxing commerce is as old as commerce itself. And where a tax must be collected, there will be disputes over rates and methods.

Kunio Mikuriya

customs value/valuation
en, fr, lt
Customs Valuation, shedding light on a technical but critical topic for Customs
31-10-2020

Adam Smith, author of “The Wealth of Nations”, wrote that Customs duties have been “in use for time immemorial”. To a large extent, this assertion is correct. The practice of taxing commerce is as old as commerce itself. And where a tax must be collected, there will be disputes over rates and methods.

Kunio Mikuriya

customs value/valuation
en, fr
WTO Customs Valuation Agreement: objectives, requirements and challenges
31-10-2020

This year marks the 25th anniversary of the entry into force of the WTO Customs Valuation Agreement (CVA). The Agreement seeks to tackle Customs clearance delays resulting from valuation verification and to ensure that the Customs value of goods entering a market are properly assessed to reflect the actual price of the goods as agreed between the buyer and seller.

customs value/valuation
en, fr
WTO Customs Valuation Agreement: objectives, requirements and challenges
31-10-2020

This year marks the 25th anniversary of the entry into force of the WTO Customs Valuation Agreement (CVA). The Agreement seeks to tackle Customs clearance delays resulting from valuation verification and to ensure that the Customs value of goods entering a market are properly assessed to reflect the actual price of the goods as agreed between the buyer and seller.

customs value/valuation
en, fr
The dynamic dual role of tariffs: insight into specific and ad valorem rates
31-10-2020

Following World War II, like-minded nations sought to create a global trading system that could help foster peace and prosperity through greater economic integration. This effort spawned the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which required its members to bind their tariffs at lower levels and apply them in a non-discriminatory way (meaning if you give a concession to one country, you give it to them all).

Leonardo Macedo

customs duty and taxes
en, fr
The dynamic dual role of tariffs: insight into specific and ad valorem rates
31-10-2020

Following World War II, like-minded nations sought to create a global trading system that could help foster peace and prosperity through greater economic integration. This effort spawned the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which required its members to bind their tariffs at lower levels and apply them in a non-discriminatory way (meaning if you give a concession to one country, you give it to them all).

Leonardo Macedo

customs duty and taxes
en, fr, lt
Transfer pricing: understanding multinational firms’ practices
31-10-2020

A significant amount of work has been done over the last 15 years on “convergence” of income tax transfer pricing (TP) and Customs valuation. Both income tax and Customs rules seek the same result, ensuring that prices between related parties are “at arm’s length,” set as if the parties were unrelated. But the rules are different. Income tax TP rules in the majority of countries are based on guidelines established by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, OECD. Customs valuation principles are established in the WTO Valuation Agreement (Agreement). Moreover, the revenue collection focal points of tax and Customs administrations are different: a high transfer price generally results in a high duty, but low income tax; a low transfer price results in lower duties and higher income taxes.

William M. Methenitis

customs value/valuation
en, fr, lt
Transfer pricing: understanding multinational firms’ practices
31-10-2020

A significant amount of work has been done over the last 15 years on “convergence” of income tax transfer pricing (TP) and Customs valuation. Both income tax and Customs rules seek the same result, ensuring that prices between related parties are “at arm’s length,” set as if the parties were unrelated. But the rules are different. Income tax TP rules in the majority of countries are based on guidelines established by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, OECD. Customs valuation principles are established in the WTO Valuation Agreement (Agreement). Moreover, the revenue collection focal points of tax and Customs administrations are different: a high transfer price generally results in a high duty, but low income tax; a low transfer price results in lower duties and higher income taxes.

William M. Methenitis

customs value/valuation
en, fr
“Valuing” our involvement – private sector engagement and views on Customs valuation
31-10-2020

The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) and the WCO have a history of long and close co-operation in the area of Customs valuation. As the institutional representative of more than 45 million businesses in over 100 countries, ICC has been participating as an Observer in the meetings of the Technical Committee on Customs Valuation since 1979. In that time, the ICC Observer delegation has had the opportunity to explain specific aspects of commercial practice in terms of their influence on Customs valuation, as well as to engage with Customs representatives on specific technical issues. In this article, ICC highlights some of the challenges and questions arising from implementation of valuation rules, highlighting the important work of the Technical Committee.

Tom Voege

customs value/valuation
en, fr
“Valuing” our involvement – private sector engagement and views on Customs valuation
31-10-2020

The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) and the WCO have a history of long and close co-operation in the area of Customs valuation. As the institutional representative of more than 45 million businesses in over 100 countries, ICC has been participating as an Observer in the meetings of the Technical Committee on Customs Valuation since 1979. In that time, the ICC Observer delegation has had the opportunity to explain specific aspects of commercial practice in terms of their influence on Customs valuation, as well as to engage with Customs representatives on specific technical issues. In this article, ICC highlights some of the challenges and questions arising from implementation of valuation rules, highlighting the important work of the Technical Committee.

Tom Voege

customs value/valuation
en, fr
Advance rulings: facilitating trade while promoting compliance
31-10-2020

Advance rulings relating to the determination of tariff classification and origin of goods are already established in several countries, but few have implemented such a system in the field of Customs valuation. Such rulings do not determine or confirm the actual Customs value of a particular consignment but indicate the treatment to apply to certain elements of the Customs value. In this article, US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) explains the processes and procedures relating to this powerful trade facilitation tool which benefits both the administration and trade operators.

authorisations, decisions, rulings, customs value/valuation
en, fr
Advance rulings: facilitating trade while promoting compliance
31-10-2020

Advance rulings relating to the determination of tariff classification and origin of goods are already established in several countries, but few have implemented such a system in the field of Customs valuation. Such rulings do not determine or confirm the actual Customs value of a particular consignment but indicate the treatment to apply to certain elements of the Customs value. In this article, US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) explains the processes and procedures relating to this powerful trade facilitation tool which benefits both the administration and trade operators.

authorisations, decisions, rulings, customs value/valuation
en, fr
Mapping of Customs Nomenclature with food safety standards in India: a far-sighted strategy to streamline clearance of food products
31-10-2020

Several government and private stakeholders are involved in the clearance of imported food products. To ensure a smooth process, close coordination and sharing of information backed by robust information technology (IT) processes are needed. With this in mind, India’s food safety agency has mapped Customs Nomenclature codes with Food Safety and Standards Regulations, a move which has enabled further integration of IT systems and better risk management.

Shyam V., Garg A., Sharma, A .

non-tariff measures
en, fr
Mapping of Customs Nomenclature with food safety standards in India: a far-sighted strategy to streamline clearance of food products
31-10-2020

Several government and private stakeholders are involved in the clearance of imported food products. To ensure a smooth process, close coordination and sharing of information backed by robust information technology (IT) processes are needed. With this in mind, India’s food safety agency has mapped Customs Nomenclature codes with Food Safety and Standards Regulations, a move which has enabled further integration of IT systems and better risk management.

Shyam V., Garg A., Sharma, A .

non-tariff measures
en, fr
Certification of origin: latest trends
30-10-2020

The WCO Secretariat has published an update of the Comparative Study on certification of origin, the previous version of which was issued in 2014, in order to take into consideration new trends both on non-preferential and preferential origin.

documents and data, origin of goods
en, fr
Certification of origin: latest trends
30-10-2020

The WCO Secretariat has published an update of the Comparative Study on certification of origin, the previous version of which was issued in 2014, in order to take into consideration new trends both on non-preferential and preferential origin.

documents and data, origin of goods
lt
Elektrinių dviračių importo atvejis: muitas, antidempingo ir kompensacinis muitas
30-10-2020

Skaitytojo klausimas: Ar gali būti tai pačiai prekei vienu metu taikomi antidempingo ir kompensaciniai muitai? Atsakydami į klausimą pateikiame praktinį elektrinių dviračių importo iš Kinijos pavyzdį ir apžvelgiame prekybos politikos apsaugos - antidempingo, kompensacines (antisubsidines) ir rinkos apsaugos (protekcines) - priemones.

Enrika Naujokė

trade defence duties
lt
Elektrinių dviračių importo atvejis: muitas, antidempingo ir kompensacinis muitas
30-10-2020

Skaitytojo klausimas: Ar gali būti tai pačiai prekei vienu metu taikomi antidempingo ir kompensaciniai muitai? Atsakydami į klausimą pateikiame praktinį elektrinių dviračių importo iš Kinijos pavyzdį ir apžvelgiame prekybos politikos apsaugos - antidempingo, kompensacines (antisubsidines) ir rinkos apsaugos (protekcines) - priemones.

Enrika Naujokė

trade defence duties
en, lt
How Technology Assists Ongoing Customs Compliance
29-10-2020

Compliance is a legal requirement — it is not something that a company can choose to ignore. It is for this reason that organisations are turning to automation and other technological solutions. Technology frees compliance personnel to work on value-added tasks and long term strategic goals. It never replaces the necessity for compliance professionals. Here are four areas where technology can help an organisation ensure ongoing compliance with customs regulations.

Anne Sexton

electronic systems; novel technologies
en, lt
How Technology Assists Ongoing Customs Compliance
29-10-2020

Compliance is a legal requirement — it is not something that a company can choose to ignore. It is for this reason that organisations are turning to automation and other technological solutions. Technology frees compliance personnel to work on value-added tasks and long term strategic goals. It never replaces the necessity for compliance professionals. Here are four areas where technology can help an organisation ensure ongoing compliance with customs regulations.

Anne Sexton

electronic systems; novel technologies
lt
Privalomoji tarifinė informacija (PTI): teisinio reglamentavimo ypatumai ES bei naujovės Lietuvoje
24-10-2020

Pagal Sąjungos muitinės kodekso nuostatas, privalomoji prekių tarifinė informacija yra apibrėžiama kaip raštiškas muitinės sprendimas dėl tarifinio prekių klasifikavimo, kurį valstybių narių muitinės išduoda ekonominių operacijų vykdytojui, gavusios jo prašymą ir kuriuo įpareigojama taikyti konkretų jame nurodytų prekių rūšių tarifinį klasifikavimą. 2019 m. Lietuvoje įsigaliojo naujos privalomosios prekių tarifinės informacijos (PTI) išdavimo taisyklės, aktualios visiems prekes iš trečiųjų valstybių (ne ES narių) importuojantiems asmenims. Straipsnyje aptariame kokie praktiniai ir teisiniai klausimai pastaruoju metu kyla šioje muitų teisės srityje tiek ES lygmeniu, tiek ir Lietuvos Respublikoje, ypač taikant naująsias PTI išdavimo taisykles.

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

tariff classification of goods
lt
Privalomoji tarifinė informacija (PTI): teisinio reglamentavimo ypatumai ES bei naujovės Lietuvoje
24-10-2020

Pagal Sąjungos muitinės kodekso nuostatas, privalomoji prekių tarifinė informacija yra apibrėžiama kaip raštiškas muitinės sprendimas dėl tarifinio prekių klasifikavimo, kurį valstybių narių muitinės išduoda ekonominių operacijų vykdytojui, gavusios jo prašymą ir kuriuo įpareigojama taikyti konkretų jame nurodytų prekių rūšių tarifinį klasifikavimą. 2019 m. Lietuvoje įsigaliojo naujos privalomosios prekių tarifinės informacijos (PTI) išdavimo taisyklės, aktualios visiems prekes iš trečiųjų valstybių (ne ES narių) importuojantiems asmenims. Straipsnyje aptariame kokie praktiniai ir teisiniai klausimai pastaruoju metu kyla šioje muitų teisės srityje tiek ES lygmeniu, tiek ir Lietuvos Respublikoje, ypač taikant naująsias PTI išdavimo taisykles.

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

tariff classification of goods
en
Studies of customs law in Lithuania: content, peculiarities, and practical experience
15-10-2020

At this particular moment the one and only program which includes comprehensive studies of customs law and customs activities in Lithuania, developed in cooperation with the Customs Department under the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Lithuania (since 2000), is bachelor’s degree studies programme of “Law and Customs Activities” at Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania). The uniqueness of this program, which is presented in this article, is that it allows acquiring both a classic legal qualification and provides value-added knowledge in the field of customs and logistics.

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

studies and training
en
Studies of customs law in Lithuania: content, peculiarities, and practical experience
15-10-2020

At this particular moment the one and only program which includes comprehensive studies of customs law and customs activities in Lithuania, developed in cooperation with the Customs Department under the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Lithuania (since 2000), is bachelor’s degree studies programme of “Law and Customs Activities” at Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania). The uniqueness of this program, which is presented in this article, is that it allows acquiring both a classic legal qualification and provides value-added knowledge in the field of customs and logistics.

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

studies and training
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