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Articles

en, lt
Different duty tariffs: tractor towing broken-down or undamaged vehicles
11-03-2021

‘The aircraft tractor’ hauls an undamaged vehicle - the rate of the duty is higher than it hauls a broken-down vehicle! The correct classification of goods is important for the proper and correct payment of customs duties.

Ingrida Kemežienė

tariff classification of goods
en, lt
Different duty tariffs: tractor towing broken-down or undamaged vehicles
11-03-2021

‘The aircraft tractor’ hauls an undamaged vehicle - the rate of the duty is higher than it hauls a broken-down vehicle! The correct classification of goods is important for the proper and correct payment of customs duties.

Ingrida Kemežienė

tariff classification of goods
en, fr
Transforming Customs operations management teams into strategic players
11-03-2021

Within companies, Customs operations management teams are typically slow to adopt new technology. Yet by adopting trade software solutions, they could centralize and automate their Customs and trade compliance processes and harness the value of data, saving time and money and informing strategic decisions. Although this article mainly addresses companies, it is also of interest to Customs administrations who want to understand the solutions and tools that are available on the market and that enable companies to modernize their Customs and trade compliance processes.

compliance and risk management, electronic systems; novel technologies
en, fr
Transforming Customs operations management teams into strategic players
11-03-2021

Within companies, Customs operations management teams are typically slow to adopt new technology. Yet by adopting trade software solutions, they could centralize and automate their Customs and trade compliance processes and harness the value of data, saving time and money and informing strategic decisions. Although this article mainly addresses companies, it is also of interest to Customs administrations who want to understand the solutions and tools that are available on the market and that enable companies to modernize their Customs and trade compliance processes.

compliance and risk management, electronic systems; novel technologies
en, fr
Food and feed safety: identifying missing links to unleash the full benefits of cooperation
11-03-2021

In the Netherlands, the Customs Administration supervises the flow of goods that enter or leave the European Union (EU) via the country’s external borders. “Supervision” is to be understood in a broad sense, and includes all acts aimed at establishing compliance with the wide range of legislation that governs international trade in goods with the EU.

Esther Enning

non-tariff measures
en, fr
Food and feed safety: identifying missing links to unleash the full benefits of cooperation
11-03-2021

In the Netherlands, the Customs Administration supervises the flow of goods that enter or leave the European Union (EU) via the country’s external borders. “Supervision” is to be understood in a broad sense, and includes all acts aimed at establishing compliance with the wide range of legislation that governs international trade in goods with the EU.

Esther Enning

non-tariff measures
en, fr
Improving Strategic Trade Detection and Classification through Machine Learning
11-03-2021

Ensuring the enforcement of a national strategic trade control (STC) system is a key requirement for all Customs administrations. Strategic goods comprise weapons of mass destruction (WMD), conventional weapons, and the materials, technology and equipment that may be used in their development or delivery. Many of these commodities have both civil and military applications and are called dual-use goods.

Christopher Nelson

electronic systems; novel technologies, export control
en, fr
Improving Strategic Trade Detection and Classification through Machine Learning
11-03-2021

Ensuring the enforcement of a national strategic trade control (STC) system is a key requirement for all Customs administrations. Strategic goods comprise weapons of mass destruction (WMD), conventional weapons, and the materials, technology and equipment that may be used in their development or delivery. Many of these commodities have both civil and military applications and are called dual-use goods.

Christopher Nelson

electronic systems; novel technologies, export control
en, fr
TradeTrust: accelerating the digitalization of international trade
11-03-2021

Singapore is spearheading the implementation of TradeTrust, which is a framework comprised of a set of globally accepted standards to facilitate the digitalization of documents used in international trade and logistics and their interoperability, and also a set of software components that connect to a blockchain backbone IT infrastructure. Economic operators and public and private institutions using TradeTrust will create a global network of trusted partners for the exchange and verification of digital trade documentation across borders. The ultimate objective is to enable a more seamless flow of goods between trading nations and reduce the inefficiencies and complexities generated by the use of paper-based documentation, making cross-border trade simpler and safer.

electronic systems; novel technologies
en, fr
TradeTrust: accelerating the digitalization of international trade
11-03-2021

Singapore is spearheading the implementation of TradeTrust, which is a framework comprised of a set of globally accepted standards to facilitate the digitalization of documents used in international trade and logistics and their interoperability, and also a set of software components that connect to a blockchain backbone IT infrastructure. Economic operators and public and private institutions using TradeTrust will create a global network of trusted partners for the exchange and verification of digital trade documentation across borders. The ultimate objective is to enable a more seamless flow of goods between trading nations and reduce the inefficiencies and complexities generated by the use of paper-based documentation, making cross-border trade simpler and safer.

electronic systems; novel technologies
en
“Lex portus” fueling discussion on customs in Ukraine and the EU
06-03-2021

“Thus, it is important for us to provide the floor for discussion of issues important for scientists and practicing lawyers focusing on respective fields, for logistic and customs professionals.” - dr. Borys Kormych, the editor in chief of “Lex Portus” journal, tells in an interview about the journal, shares insights from articles, provides interesting facts about the case-law (Ukraine has an extensive practice of customs appeals) and answers other questions.

Dr. Borys Kormych, Enrika Naujokė

studies and training
en
“Lex portus” fueling discussion on customs in Ukraine and the EU
06-03-2021

“Thus, it is important for us to provide the floor for discussion of issues important for scientists and practicing lawyers focusing on respective fields, for logistic and customs professionals.” - dr. Borys Kormych, the editor in chief of “Lex Portus” journal, tells in an interview about the journal, shares insights from articles, provides interesting facts about the case-law (Ukraine has an extensive practice of customs appeals) and answers other questions.

Dr. Borys Kormych, Enrika Naujokė

studies and training
lt
Importo mokesčių grąžinimo atvejai
06-03-2021

Ar yra galimybė susigrąžinti importo mokesčius, jeigu importuota prekė yra eksportuojama? Pavyzdžiui, Lietuvos įmonė importuoja prekes iš Kinijos (išleidžia į laisvą apyvartą). Po kelių mėnesių susiklosto taip, kad parduoda jas (niekaip nepakeistas) įmonei Šveicarijoje ir eksportuoja. Ar tokiu atveju Lietuvos įmonė galėtų kreiptis dėl importo mokesčių sugrąžinimo? Nes prekės buvo eksportuotos, o pati įmonė, jeigu būtų numačiusi iš anksto, kad susiklostys tokia situacija, būtų neišleidusi prekių į laisvą apyvartą, o padėjusi jas į muitinės sandėlį.

UAB Muita

customs duty and taxes, release for free circulation procedure
lt
Importo mokesčių grąžinimo atvejai
06-03-2021

Ar yra galimybė susigrąžinti importo mokesčius, jeigu importuota prekė yra eksportuojama? Pavyzdžiui, Lietuvos įmonė importuoja prekes iš Kinijos (išleidžia į laisvą apyvartą). Po kelių mėnesių susiklosto taip, kad parduoda jas (niekaip nepakeistas) įmonei Šveicarijoje ir eksportuoja. Ar tokiu atveju Lietuvos įmonė galėtų kreiptis dėl importo mokesčių sugrąžinimo? Nes prekės buvo eksportuotos, o pati įmonė, jeigu būtų numačiusi iš anksto, kad susiklostys tokia situacija, būtų neišleidusi prekių į laisvą apyvartą, o padėjusi jas į muitinės sandėlį.

UAB Muita

customs duty and taxes, release for free circulation procedure
en, fr, lt
Harmonization of procedures is still work in progress
04-03-2021

The authors of this article argue that harmonization should be high on the agenda both of those who make, and of those who enforce, legislation. To illustrate, they explain some of the issues faced by businesses due to the lack of harmonization of rules, or to the non-harmonized implementation of these rules. Three topics are addressed: the difficulty of identifying preferential rules of origin for a given HS code; the process to obtain a Customs registration number in the European Union; and the implementation of the AEO Programme in Ukraine.

Anna Gayk, Enrika Naujokė, Dr. Borys Kormych

customs procedures and formalities, origin of goods, SAFE, AEO
en, fr, lt
Harmonization of procedures is still work in progress
04-03-2021

The authors of this article argue that harmonization should be high on the agenda both of those who make, and of those who enforce, legislation. To illustrate, they explain some of the issues faced by businesses due to the lack of harmonization of rules, or to the non-harmonized implementation of these rules. Three topics are addressed: the difficulty of identifying preferential rules of origin for a given HS code; the process to obtain a Customs registration number in the European Union; and the implementation of the AEO Programme in Ukraine.

Anna Gayk, Enrika Naujokė, Dr. Borys Kormych

customs procedures and formalities, origin of goods, SAFE, AEO
en, fr
How digital tools can improve compliance with SPS measures
04-03-2021

Given increasing concerns about food security and food safety and the need to fight hunger and eliminate food waste, a review of the current processes for implementation of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement and adoption of information technology to enhance workflows would benefit both the import and export economies, as well as trading partners.

Francis Lopez

non-tariff measures
en, fr
How digital tools can improve compliance with SPS measures
04-03-2021

Given increasing concerns about food security and food safety and the need to fight hunger and eliminate food waste, a review of the current processes for implementation of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement and adoption of information technology to enhance workflows would benefit both the import and export economies, as well as trading partners.

Francis Lopez

non-tariff measures
en, fr, lt
Digitization of ATA Carnets: overview of the ICC pilot project
04-03-2021

The ATA[1] Carnet is an international Customs document that permits duty-free and tax-free temporary admission of most goods for up to one year. It enables countries, businesses and border agencies to expedite the Customs process by utilizing unified, ready-to-use declaration forms and eliminating the lodging of a guarantee, bond or cash deposit in the country of temporary importation. At the end of 2020, the ATA Carnet procedure has been implemented in 78 countries and Customs territories. In each one of them, the Customs authority appoints a National Guaranteeing Association (NGA) which guarantees payment of import duties and taxes in cooperation with foreign NGAs around the world. Under the NGA’s umbrella, there can be multiple issuing associations (IAs) in each country to process Carnet applications. Processing fees apply as well as a surety bond which will be returned if the Carnet has been used correctly. The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), the institutional representative of over 45 million companies worldwide, is responsible for administering the global guarantee chain affiliated with all NGAs.

Cyrille Bernard, Yuan Chai

processing procedures
en, fr, lt
Digitization of ATA Carnets: overview of the ICC pilot project
04-03-2021

The ATA[1] Carnet is an international Customs document that permits duty-free and tax-free temporary admission of most goods for up to one year. It enables countries, businesses and border agencies to expedite the Customs process by utilizing unified, ready-to-use declaration forms and eliminating the lodging of a guarantee, bond or cash deposit in the country of temporary importation. At the end of 2020, the ATA Carnet procedure has been implemented in 78 countries and Customs territories. In each one of them, the Customs authority appoints a National Guaranteeing Association (NGA) which guarantees payment of import duties and taxes in cooperation with foreign NGAs around the world. Under the NGA’s umbrella, there can be multiple issuing associations (IAs) in each country to process Carnet applications. Processing fees apply as well as a surety bond which will be returned if the Carnet has been used correctly. The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), the institutional representative of over 45 million companies worldwide, is responsible for administering the global guarantee chain affiliated with all NGAs.

Cyrille Bernard, Yuan Chai

processing procedures
en
Customs-related databases (4th Authors' Meeting)
01-03-2021

What customs-related databases do you use, find the most useful and/ or the most interesting? An exchange on customs-related databases used worldwide took place on 18 February 2021 during the 4th meeting of the authors of the CCRM journal. Why there is no comprehensive list of such databases? Herewith we could start the list! We would be happy to amend it with the databases you use, write to us: info@lcpa.lt

Customs Practitioners Association

electronic systems; novel technologies
en
Customs-related databases (4th Authors' Meeting)
01-03-2021

What customs-related databases do you use, find the most useful and/ or the most interesting? An exchange on customs-related databases used worldwide took place on 18 February 2021 during the 4th meeting of the authors of the CCRM journal. Why there is no comprehensive list of such databases? Herewith we could start the list! We would be happy to amend it with the databases you use, write to us: info@lcpa.lt

Customs Practitioners Association

electronic systems; novel technologies
en, lt
EU law news: February 2021
27-02-2021

Monthly overview of customs-related legal acts, case law, notices published in the Official Journal of the EU, and information published by the European Commission and by the World Customs Organization.

Customs Practitioners Association

national legislation
en, lt
EU law news: February 2021
27-02-2021

Monthly overview of customs-related legal acts, case law, notices published in the Official Journal of the EU, and information published by the European Commission and by the World Customs Organization.

Customs Practitioners Association

national legislation
en, lt, ru
About the customs broker courses, profession, and studies
27-02-2021

31 March 2021, online training courses for persons wishing to provide customs representation services are launching. About these courses, the profession of customs broker and studies in the field of customs in general, we talk to the representatives of the partners organizing the courses: Prof. Dr. Astrida Miceikiene, Chancellor of the Academy of Agriculture of Vytautas Magnus University, Akvile Alauskaitė, Head of the Study Programs of the University of Applied Social Sciences, and Enrika Naujoke, Head of the Lithuanian Customs Practitioners Association.

Customs Practitioners Association

studies and training
en, lt, ru
About the customs broker courses, profession, and studies
27-02-2021

31 March 2021, online training courses for persons wishing to provide customs representation services are launching. About these courses, the profession of customs broker and studies in the field of customs in general, we talk to the representatives of the partners organizing the courses: Prof. Dr. Astrida Miceikiene, Chancellor of the Academy of Agriculture of Vytautas Magnus University, Akvile Alauskaitė, Head of the Study Programs of the University of Applied Social Sciences, and Enrika Naujoke, Head of the Lithuanian Customs Practitioners Association.

Customs Practitioners Association

studies and training
lt
Muitinės skolininko sąvokos plečiamasis aiškinimas ir jo vertinimas Lietuvos teismų praktikoje
27-02-2021

Mokestinių ginčų su muitine praktikoje ir muitinės atliekamų patikrinimų metu dažnai kyla klausimas ar asmuo, kurio atžvilgiu yra apskaičiuojama skola muitinei arba atliekamas patikrinimas, iš viso gali būti laikomas muitinės skolininku. Šis klausimas ypač akivaizdus tais atvejais, kai konkretus asmuo pats apmokestinamų prekių neimportavo (fiziškai nevežė, negabeno), tačiau tik galimai netiesiogiai arba tiesiogiai prisidėjo prie jų įvežimo bei klaidingos informacijos apie prekes pateikimo muitinei (muitinės deklaracijose). Atsižvelgiant į tai, šiame straipsnyje, aptariant naujausią (2021 m.) Lietuvos vyriausiojo administracinio teismo praktiką, nagrinėjame ir aptariame kaip turėtų būti aiškinama muitinės skolininko sąvoka ir ar galimas (bei kada) jos plečiamasis aiškinimas.

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

customs duty and taxes, customs inspections and controls
lt
Muitinės skolininko sąvokos plečiamasis aiškinimas ir jo vertinimas Lietuvos teismų praktikoje
27-02-2021

Mokestinių ginčų su muitine praktikoje ir muitinės atliekamų patikrinimų metu dažnai kyla klausimas ar asmuo, kurio atžvilgiu yra apskaičiuojama skola muitinei arba atliekamas patikrinimas, iš viso gali būti laikomas muitinės skolininku. Šis klausimas ypač akivaizdus tais atvejais, kai konkretus asmuo pats apmokestinamų prekių neimportavo (fiziškai nevežė, negabeno), tačiau tik galimai netiesiogiai arba tiesiogiai prisidėjo prie jų įvežimo bei klaidingos informacijos apie prekes pateikimo muitinei (muitinės deklaracijose). Atsižvelgiant į tai, šiame straipsnyje, aptariant naujausią (2021 m.) Lietuvos vyriausiojo administracinio teismo praktiką, nagrinėjame ir aptariame kaip turėtų būti aiškinama muitinės skolininko sąvoka ir ar galimas (bei kada) jos plečiamasis aiškinimas.

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

customs duty and taxes, customs inspections and controls
lt
LR teisinės aktualijos: vasaris 2021
27-02-2021

2020.01.30-2021.02.26 aktualijų temos: muitinės įstaigų klasifikatorius; valiutų, naudojamų deklaruojant prekes Lietuvos muitinei, sąrašas; muitinės prižiūrimų prekių sunaikinimas; konfiskuotų, pripažintų bešeimininkėmis prekių, neturinčių Sąjungos prekių muitinio statuso, pardavimas elektroniniuose aukcionuose; ne maisto gaminio draudimas išleisti/ išleidimas į laisvą apyvartą.

UAB Muita

national legislation
lt
LR teisinės aktualijos: vasaris 2021
27-02-2021

2020.01.30-2021.02.26 aktualijų temos: muitinės įstaigų klasifikatorius; valiutų, naudojamų deklaruojant prekes Lietuvos muitinei, sąrašas; muitinės prižiūrimų prekių sunaikinimas; konfiskuotų, pripažintų bešeimininkėmis prekių, neturinčių Sąjungos prekių muitinio statuso, pardavimas elektroniniuose aukcionuose; ne maisto gaminio draudimas išleisti/ išleidimas į laisvą apyvartą.

UAB Muita

national legislation
en
Using importer’s knowledge to claim preferential treatment: a gift or a trap?
25-02-2021

Trade agreements have their own unique rules of origin to determine whether something has preferential origin. They also each have their own rules on how preferential origin should be evidenced. This can be confusing when a business is using multiple trade agreements. The focus of this article is on a particular method of evidencing preferential origin: importer’s knowledge. This is a relatively new concept in the EU, first appearing in the EU-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement, replicated in the UK-Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) and now contained in the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement.

Jessica Yang

origin of goods
en
Using importer’s knowledge to claim preferential treatment: a gift or a trap?
25-02-2021

Trade agreements have their own unique rules of origin to determine whether something has preferential origin. They also each have their own rules on how preferential origin should be evidenced. This can be confusing when a business is using multiple trade agreements. The focus of this article is on a particular method of evidencing preferential origin: importer’s knowledge. This is a relatively new concept in the EU, first appearing in the EU-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement, replicated in the UK-Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) and now contained in the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement.

Jessica Yang

origin of goods
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