liepos 17, 2022
Prekių laikinojo saugojimo pažeidimai ir jų teisinio vertinimo aktualijos (II dalis): pažeidimų mokestinės pasekmės

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Pastarųjų metų teismų praktika mokestinių ginčų bylose su muitine patvirtina, jog įforminus prekių laikinąjį saugojimą ir priėmus prekes laikinai saugoti, neretai kyla klausimas, ar būtent laikinojo saugojimo sandėlio savininkas (turėtojas), o ne kiti asmenys, gali būti laikomas skolingu (bei kokiomis sąlygomis) muitinei už prekių trūkumą, kuris buvo nustatytas vėliau su saugotomis prekėmis įforminus bei įvykdžius kitas muitinės procedūras, kurias atliko ir vykdė kiti asmenys. Atsižvelgiant į tai, šiame straipsnyje aptariami ES ir nacionalinių teismų (Lietuvos Respublikoje) pateikti išaiškinimai, reikšmingi šios situacijos vertinimui bei aptariamos su laikinojo saugojimo metu padarytais galimais pažeidimais susijusios mokestinės teisinės pasekmės.
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image en
Customs penalties in the EU
17-12-2023

Anthony Buckley

violations
image en
Customs penalties in the EU
17-12-2023

Anthony Buckley

violations
image en
Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM): The Law. Updated!
17-10-2023

Arne Mielken

import
image en
Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM): The Law. Updated!
17-10-2023

Arne Mielken

import
en, lt
Fraudsters in the supply chain: Who pays taxes as a result of fraudulently completed formalities?
01-10-2023

Presumption of guilt - you'll say it doesn't work that way. Unfortunately, in tax law, the taxpayer is presumed to be guilty of breaching the tax law unless he proves otherwise. The only question is whether, even if proven not guilty, the taxpayer will not have to pay the tax. In a recent judgment, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) clarified whether the owner of an excise warehouse (whose guilt has not been proven) will have to pay the suspended taxes (in this case almost €3 million) in a case where the evidence of the completion of the formalities has been falsified and where the goods have been transported to an unknown destination. The clarifications are important not only for the owners of excise warehouses, but also for all users of suspended tax regimes - transit, customs warehousing, temporary admission for processing and others - in order to better understand, assess and manage the risks involved. The CJEU has also clarified when goods are considered "lost" and no tax is due.

Ingrida Kemežienė

violations
en, lt
Fraudsters in the supply chain: Who pays taxes as a result of fraudulently completed formalities?
01-10-2023

Presumption of guilt - you'll say it doesn't work that way. Unfortunately, in tax law, the taxpayer is presumed to be guilty of breaching the tax law unless he proves otherwise. The only question is whether, even if proven not guilty, the taxpayer will not have to pay the tax. In a recent judgment, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) clarified whether the owner of an excise warehouse (whose guilt has not been proven) will have to pay the suspended taxes (in this case almost €3 million) in a case where the evidence of the completion of the formalities has been falsified and where the goods have been transported to an unknown destination. The clarifications are important not only for the owners of excise warehouses, but also for all users of suspended tax regimes - transit, customs warehousing, temporary admission for processing and others - in order to better understand, assess and manage the risks involved. The CJEU has also clarified when goods are considered "lost" and no tax is due.

Ingrida Kemežienė

violations
lt
Muitinio sandėliavimo klaidos: net tinkamai užbaigus procedūrą, gali tekti sumokėti mokesčius!
01-10-2023

Muitinės sandėlyje apskaitos pažeidimai gali būti nustatomi įvairiomis formomis: tai ir nustatyti prekių trūkumai ar perteklius, prekių perdavimo sandėlio viduje klaidos, neteisingas duomenų suvedimas. Tačiau tam tikrais atvejais, net išvežus prekes iš muitinės sandėlio ir tinkamai užbaigus sandėliavimo procedūrą, gali atsirasti mokestinė prievolė muitinei. Tokia situacija nagrinėjama aktualioje teismo byloje.

Jurgita Stanienė

import, violations
lt
Muitinio sandėliavimo klaidos: net tinkamai užbaigus procedūrą, gali tekti sumokėti mokesčius!
01-10-2023

Muitinės sandėlyje apskaitos pažeidimai gali būti nustatomi įvairiomis formomis: tai ir nustatyti prekių trūkumai ar perteklius, prekių perdavimo sandėlio viduje klaidos, neteisingas duomenų suvedimas. Tačiau tam tikrais atvejais, net išvežus prekes iš muitinės sandėlio ir tinkamai užbaigus sandėliavimo procedūrą, gali atsirasti mokestinė prievolė muitinei. Tokia situacija nagrinėjama aktualioje teismo byloje.

Jurgita Stanienė

import, violations
en
Transport services VAT exempt because already in import tax base? You will need to prove it!
24-09-2023

The Romanian company provides transportation services. It transported goods from the port of Rotterdam (the Netherlands) to Cluj-Napoca (Romania) under transit procedure. Goods were released into free circulation in Romania. It treated transportation service as VAT exempt because it assumed that transportation cost was included into the import VAT taxable base. Tax authorities claimed otherwise: the taxpayer failed to provide documents confirming that the transportation cost was included into the import VAT taxable base. Consequently, they denied the exemption. The dispute between the company and the tax authorities reached as far as the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU), which recently issued clarifications on the application of the provisions of the VAT Directive in this case.

Mark Rowbotham

import
en
Transport services VAT exempt because already in import tax base? You will need to prove it!
24-09-2023

The Romanian company provides transportation services. It transported goods from the port of Rotterdam (the Netherlands) to Cluj-Napoca (Romania) under transit procedure. Goods were released into free circulation in Romania. It treated transportation service as VAT exempt because it assumed that transportation cost was included into the import VAT taxable base. Tax authorities claimed otherwise: the taxpayer failed to provide documents confirming that the transportation cost was included into the import VAT taxable base. Consequently, they denied the exemption. The dispute between the company and the tax authorities reached as far as the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU), which recently issued clarifications on the application of the provisions of the VAT Directive in this case.

Mark Rowbotham

import
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