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Articles

Topic spotlight
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EU Customs Reform: Who is the ‘importer’ and what are their responsibilities?
21-04-2024

Continuing a series of articles on the main legal aspects of the proposed EU customs reform, the author focuses on a key player in the import process: the importer. The Commission proposal is based on a new vision of this actor and his responsibilities. This article describes and analyses the three variants under this concept: the basic rules for importers, the special rules for deemed importers, and the rules for indirect customs representatives who are treated as the (deemed) importer. Furthermore, it addresses the question of what happens when the wrong person has been named as an importer by an actor in the supply chain or a customs representative.

Michael Lux

law, import
Topic spotlight
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EU Customs Reform: Who is the ‘importer’ and what are their responsibilities?
21-04-2024

Continuing a series of articles on the main legal aspects of the proposed EU customs reform, the author focuses on a key player in the import process: the importer. The Commission proposal is based on a new vision of this actor and his responsibilities. This article describes and analyses the three variants under this concept: the basic rules for importers, the special rules for deemed importers, and the rules for indirect customs representatives who are treated as the (deemed) importer. Furthermore, it addresses the question of what happens when the wrong person has been named as an importer by an actor in the supply chain or a customs representative.

Michael Lux

law, import
Perspective
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Transport services VAT exempt because already in import tax base? You will need to prove it!
24-09-2023

The Romanian company provides transportation services. It transported goods from the port of Rotterdam (the Netherlands) to Cluj-Napoca (Romania) under transit procedure. Goods were released into free circulation in Romania. It treated transportation service as VAT exempt because it assumed that transportation cost was included into the import VAT taxable base. Tax authorities claimed otherwise: the taxpayer failed to provide documents confirming that the transportation cost was included into the import VAT taxable base. Consequently, they denied the exemption. The dispute between the company and the tax authorities reached as far as the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU), which recently issued clarifications on the application of the provisions of the VAT Directive in this case.

Mark Rowbotham

duties, taxes, valuation, import
Perspective
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Transport services VAT exempt because already in import tax base? You will need to prove it!
24-09-2023

The Romanian company provides transportation services. It transported goods from the port of Rotterdam (the Netherlands) to Cluj-Napoca (Romania) under transit procedure. Goods were released into free circulation in Romania. It treated transportation service as VAT exempt because it assumed that transportation cost was included into the import VAT taxable base. Tax authorities claimed otherwise: the taxpayer failed to provide documents confirming that the transportation cost was included into the import VAT taxable base. Consequently, they denied the exemption. The dispute between the company and the tax authorities reached as far as the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU), which recently issued clarifications on the application of the provisions of the VAT Directive in this case.

Mark Rowbotham

duties, taxes, valuation, import
Topic spotlight
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Who is responsible for CBAM in the company?
17-09-2023

If you import aluminium, steel and iron products, cement, fertilisers, hydrogen or electricity, you should already have answered the question of who in your company speaks the language of the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM), i.e. is knowledgeable in this area and responsible for compliance. And not just you, but also your suppliers from outside the EU, as they will provide you with information on the carbon emissions generated in the production of goods. So who in your supplier company speaks the CBAM language? In this article we look at the links between CBAM and customs, as well as other areas, to help you answer the question of whether the primary responsibility for CBAM compliance should lie with the person responsible for customs matters.

Enrika Naujokė

duties, taxes, import, sustainability
Topic spotlight
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Who is responsible for CBAM in the company?
17-09-2023

If you import aluminium, steel and iron products, cement, fertilisers, hydrogen or electricity, you should already have answered the question of who in your company speaks the language of the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM), i.e. is knowledgeable in this area and responsible for compliance. And not just you, but also your suppliers from outside the EU, as they will provide you with information on the carbon emissions generated in the production of goods. So who in your supplier company speaks the CBAM language? In this article we look at the links between CBAM and customs, as well as other areas, to help you answer the question of whether the primary responsibility for CBAM compliance should lie with the person responsible for customs matters.

Enrika Naujokė

duties, taxes, import, sustainability
Case law
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The Zes Zollner Electronic case: exploring the scope of amending customs declarations
25-06-2023

In a recent ruling, the Court of Justice (the Court) delivered its decision in the case of Zes Zollner Electronic, addressing the issue of amending customs declarations and the consequences of failing to declare the correct quantity of goods. The case involved a Romanian company, Zes Zollner Electronic (ZZE), which declared only half of the actual quantity of goods received, resulting in a customs infringement.

Jonas Sakalauskas

violations, import
Case law
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The Zes Zollner Electronic case: exploring the scope of amending customs declarations
25-06-2023

In a recent ruling, the Court of Justice (the Court) delivered its decision in the case of Zes Zollner Electronic, addressing the issue of amending customs declarations and the consequences of failing to declare the correct quantity of goods. The case involved a Romanian company, Zes Zollner Electronic (ZZE), which declared only half of the actual quantity of goods received, resulting in a customs infringement.

Jonas Sakalauskas

violations, import
Showing 4 of 10

Videos

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Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM): The Law
23min
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Arne Mielken

duties, taxes, import, sustainability
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Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM): The Law
23min
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Arne Mielken

duties, taxes, import, sustainability
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Importing UK goods after the Windsor Framework
16min
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Anthony Buckley

import
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Importing UK goods after the Windsor Framework
16min
image

Anthony Buckley

import
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Calculation of import charges in EU
10min
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Anthony Buckley

duties, taxes, import
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Calculation of import charges in EU
10min
image

Anthony Buckley

duties, taxes, import
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End-use: special customs procedure in EU
06min
image

Patrick Nieveler

import
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End-use: special customs procedure in EU
06min
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Patrick Nieveler

import
Showing 4 of 8

Courses

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CBAM & Practical Implementation in Companies
03h 31min
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Arne Mielken

€350.00
duties, taxes, import, sustainability
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CBAM & Practical Implementation in Companies
03h 31min
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Arne Mielken

€350.00
duties, taxes, import, sustainability
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Customs duties, taxes and payment in the EU
01h 12min
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Anthony Buckley

€197.00
duties, taxes, import
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Customs duties, taxes and payment in the EU
01h 12min
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Anthony Buckley

€197.00
duties, taxes, import
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Special customs procedures in the EU
01h 59min
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Patrick Nieveler

€349.00
customs clearance, import, export
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Special customs procedures in the EU
01h 59min
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Patrick Nieveler

€349.00
customs clearance, import, export
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Importing goods into the EU
01h 39min
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Anouck-Préscillia Biernaux

€245.00
customs clearance, import
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Importing goods into the EU
01h 39min
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Anouck-Préscillia Biernaux

€245.00
customs clearance, import
Showing 3 of 3

Glossary

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Import procedure 42: VAT-exempt supply in EU
11-02-2022

Customs procedure 42 is a mechanism that an EU importer uses to obtain a VAT exemption. It is applied when goods imported from outside the EU into a Member State will be transported to another EU Member State. In such cases, the VAT is due in the latter - the Member State of destination.

duties, taxes, import
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Import procedure 42: VAT-exempt supply in EU
11-02-2022

Customs procedure 42 is a mechanism that an EU importer uses to obtain a VAT exemption. It is applied when goods imported from outside the EU into a Member State will be transported to another EU Member State. In such cases, the VAT is due in the latter - the Member State of destination.

duties, taxes, import
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ATA Carnet
07-01-2022

ATA Carnet is used for the temporary export, transit and temporary admission of goods for specific purposes, e.g. for displays, exhibitions and fairs, as professional equipment and as commercial samples.

import, export, transit
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ATA Carnet
07-01-2022

ATA Carnet is used for the temporary export, transit and temporary admission of goods for specific purposes, e.g. for displays, exhibitions and fairs, as professional equipment and as commercial samples.

import, export, transit
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CPD Carnet
09-11-2021

Carnet de Passages en Douane, or CPD, is the international customs document that covers the temporary admission of motor vehicles to the territory of a state.

import
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CPD Carnet
09-11-2021

Carnet de Passages en Douane, or CPD, is the international customs document that covers the temporary admission of motor vehicles to the territory of a state.

import
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