kovo 27, 2022
lt en
Dvejopo naudojimo prekės

Photo by Asogetti on Unsplash

Kas yra dvejopo naudojimo prekės?

Dvejopo naudojimo prekės tai:

  • prekės, įskaitant programinę įrangą ir technologijas, kurios gali būti naudojamos ir civiliniams, ir kariniams tikslams, taip pat 
  • prekės, kurios gali būti naudojamos branduoliniams, cheminiams ar biologiniams ginklams ar jų siuntimo į taikinį sistemoms projektuoti, kurti, gaminti ar naudoti, įskaitant 
  • visas prekes, kurios gali būti ir neskirtos sprogdinti, ir gali kokiu nors būdu būti susijusios su branduolinių ginklų ar kitokių branduolinių sprogstamųjų įtaisų gamyba.

Kokie yra dvejopo naudojimo prekių pavyzdžiai?

Dvejopo naudojimo prekės skirstomos į devynias kategorijas, tokias kaip elektronika, kompiuteriai, telekomunikacijos ir „informacijos saugumas“, jutikliai ir lazeriai.

Kai kurie dvejopo naudojimo prekių pavyzdžiai, jei tos prekės atitinka nustatytas technines charakteristikas: siurbliai, vožtuvai, vamzdžiai, liejimo formos, metalai, elektromagnetai.

Koks yra ES dvejopo naudojimo prekių kontrolės teisinis pagrindas?

Tai 2021 m. gegužės 20 d. Europos Parlamento ir Tarybos reglamentas (ES) 2021/821, nustatantis Sąjungos dvejopo naudojimo prekių eksporto, persiuntimo, susijusių tarpininkavimo paslaugų, techninės pagalbos ir tranzito kontrolės režimą (vadinamas "ES dvejopo naudojimo reglamentu")

Kur pateikiamas dvejopo naudojimo prekių sąrašas?

Dvejopo naudojimo prekių sąrašas pateiktas ES dvejopo naudojimo reglamento I priede. Šiame priede išvardytų dvejopo naudojimo prekių eksportui reikalingas leidimas.

Tačiau taip pat nustatyta, kad tam tikrų I priede neišvardytų dvejopo naudojimo prekių eksportui į visas arba tam tikras paskirties vietas gali reikėti leidimo.

I priede nepateikiami dvejopo naudojimo prekių (TARIC) kodai. Naudinga priemonė yra Europos Komisijos parengta "TARIC ir dvejopo naudojimo kodų koreliacijos lentelė 2022 m. sausis („Excel“)". Lentelę galite atsisiųsti čia.

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