March 27, 2022
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Dual-use items

Photo by Asogetti on Unsplash

What is 'dual-use items’?

‘Dual-use items’ means:

  • items, including software and technology, which can be used for both civil and military purposes, and 
  • includes items that can be used for the design, development, production or use of nuclear, chemical or biological weapons or their means of delivery, including 
  • all items which can be used for both non-explosive uses and assisting in any way in the manufacture of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.

What are examples of ‘dual-use items’?

Dual-use items are divided into nine categories, such as electronics, computers, telecommunications and "information security", sensors and lasers. 

Some examples of dual-use items, provided they meet defined technical characteristics: pumps, valves, tubes, moulds, metals, electromagnets, etc.

What is the legal basis for EU dual-use items control?

It is the Regulation (EU) 2021/821 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 May 2021 setting up a Union regime for the control of exports, brokering, technical assistance, transit and transfer of dual-use items (so-called ‘EU Dual-Use Regulation’).

Where is the list of dual-use items set out?

The list of dual-use items is contained in Annex I of the EU Dual-Use Regulation. An authorisation is required for the export of dual-use items listed in this Annex. 

However, it is also set out that authorisation may be required for the export to all or certain destinations of certain dual-use items not listed in Annex I. 

Annex I do not provide commodity (TARIC) codes of the dual-use items. A helpful tool is the ‘Correlation list between TARIC and Dual-Use codes January 2022 (Excel)’ prepared by the European Commission. You can download it here.

Comments ()

en
What strategies may EU traders use to overcome trade barriers?
31-05-2022

Recently, the European Commission (EC) terminated the examination procedure concerning obstacles to trade applied by Mexico (see Commission implementing decision (EU) 2022/161, 3.2.2022). This was because the dispute regarding Tequila export licenses was resolved in favour of EU exports by domestic courts in Mexico. The example reveals that exporters can cope with trade barriers in several ways: in courts, and through complaints to the EC.

Dr. Ilona Mishchenko

restrictions and prohibitions
en
What strategies may EU traders use to overcome trade barriers?
31-05-2022

Recently, the European Commission (EC) terminated the examination procedure concerning obstacles to trade applied by Mexico (see Commission implementing decision (EU) 2022/161, 3.2.2022). This was because the dispute regarding Tequila export licenses was resolved in favour of EU exports by domestic courts in Mexico. The example reveals that exporters can cope with trade barriers in several ways: in courts, and through complaints to the EC.

Dr. Ilona Mishchenko

restrictions and prohibitions
lt
Sankcijos: naujas teisės aktas, galiojančių sankcijų terminai
29-05-2022

Skaitytojo klausimai: Į ką verslui svarbu atkreipti dėmesį naujame LRV nutarime dėl Tarptautinių sankcijų įstatymo įgyvendinimo? Taip pat, kada baigiasi jau galiojančių sankcijų Rusijai ir Baltarusijai terminai dėl seniau sudarytų sutarčių vykdymo?

Jurgita Stanienė

restrictions and prohibitions
lt
Sankcijos: naujas teisės aktas, galiojančių sankcijų terminai
29-05-2022

Skaitytojo klausimai: Į ką verslui svarbu atkreipti dėmesį naujame LRV nutarime dėl Tarptautinių sankcijų įstatymo įgyvendinimo? Taip pat, kada baigiasi jau galiojančių sankcijų Rusijai ir Baltarusijai terminai dėl seniau sudarytų sutarčių vykdymo?

Jurgita Stanienė

restrictions and prohibitions
en, lt
Sanctioned persons: get to know your customers and suppliers
30-04-2022

As you know, the European Union has adopted several packages of restrictive measures against the Russian Federation in the wake of the Russian war of aggression against Ukraine and restrictive measures against the Republic of Belarus in the light of the situation in Belarus. All these measures must be effectively implemented by the competent authorities and the EU economic operators. Let us discuss one of the measures - directly and indirectly sanctioned persons and how to identify them so that they do not appear among customers or suppliers.

Andrius Košel

restrictions and prohibitions
en, lt
Sanctioned persons: get to know your customers and suppliers
30-04-2022

As you know, the European Union has adopted several packages of restrictive measures against the Russian Federation in the wake of the Russian war of aggression against Ukraine and restrictive measures against the Republic of Belarus in the light of the situation in Belarus. All these measures must be effectively implemented by the competent authorities and the EU economic operators. Let us discuss one of the measures - directly and indirectly sanctioned persons and how to identify them so that they do not appear among customers or suppliers.

Andrius Košel

restrictions and prohibitions
en, lt
Kaliningrad – Russia transit: are there any special simplifications?
17-04-2022

Due to the war in Ukraine, the Kaliningrad Oblast is getting increased attention. We receive questions about the ‘Kaliningrad transit‘: whether there are any simplifications for the transportation of goods from Russia to Kaliningrad and vice versa or exemptions from sanctions? The exemptions have been introduced in the fifth EU sanctions package against Russia. But let’s start with an overview of some historical events.

Jurgita Stanienė

restrictions and prohibitions
en, lt
Kaliningrad – Russia transit: are there any special simplifications?
17-04-2022

Due to the war in Ukraine, the Kaliningrad Oblast is getting increased attention. We receive questions about the ‘Kaliningrad transit‘: whether there are any simplifications for the transportation of goods from Russia to Kaliningrad and vice versa or exemptions from sanctions? The exemptions have been introduced in the fifth EU sanctions package against Russia. But let’s start with an overview of some historical events.

Jurgita Stanienė

restrictions and prohibitions
image lt
Sankcionuojami asmenys: pažink savo klientus ir tiekėjus
12-04-2022

Andrius Košel

restrictions and prohibitions
image lt
Sankcionuojami asmenys: pažink savo klientus ir tiekėjus
12-04-2022

Andrius Košel

restrictions and prohibitions
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