Non-preferential origin of solar modules imported in the EU (Is duty 0% or 67,9%?)

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"...the recent use of origin in imposing punitive tariffs and taking action against countries has elevated non-preferential origin to new heights" Rules of Origin: Highlights of the second WCO Conference, WCO Secretariat

Watch the story and learn how the country of non-preferential origin of a product was determined according to EU law. The story is based on real facts taken from the judgement of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) in the case C-209/20. The judgement is available in the Resources.

The product is solar modules. Solar cells are manufactured in China. Modules are assembled in India and consigned to the EU from there. Depending on the country of non-preferential origin (India or China) of the solar modules the EU importer has to pay 0% or 67,9 % duty! Which is the country of origin, i.e. which rate applies?

Comments ()

en, lt
Changes in the application of the Pan-Euro-Mediterranean (PEM) rules of preferential origin from 1 September 2021
28-09-2021

The contracting parties to the PEM Convention have agreed on the application of the transitional rules pending the application of the modernized PEM Convention. This opens the possibility for economic operators to choose between the rules of preferential origin set out in the PEM Convention and the transitional rules. The latter rules are in many cases more flexible and simpler. Let us look at this new possibility.

Edita Trukšinienė

origin
en, lt
Changes in the application of the Pan-Euro-Mediterranean (PEM) rules of preferential origin from 1 September 2021
28-09-2021

The contracting parties to the PEM Convention have agreed on the application of the transitional rules pending the application of the modernized PEM Convention. This opens the possibility for economic operators to choose between the rules of preferential origin set out in the PEM Convention and the transitional rules. The latter rules are in many cases more flexible and simpler. Let us look at this new possibility.

Edita Trukšinienė

origin
en
Controversies and peculiarities regarding application of rules of origin in EU Member States: practice in the Republic of Lithuania
25-09-2021

The article discusses the peculiarities of the practical application of European Union (EU) rules on customs origin in the EU Member State - the Republic of Lithuania and presents the current practice of national authorities in this area (in tax disputes related to the origin of imported goods), emphasizes its peculiarities and differences from practices in other EU Member States. The analysis performed and described in the article substantiates that in the Republic of Lithuania the possible sources of proof of customs origin of goods are assessed and interpreted in a unique and rather formal way. Besides, the burden of proving the origin of imported goods and its distribution between customs and importer is understood specifically and can be considered as more favourable to importers than the usual practice at the EU level.

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

origin
en
Controversies and peculiarities regarding application of rules of origin in EU Member States: practice in the Republic of Lithuania
25-09-2021

The article discusses the peculiarities of the practical application of European Union (EU) rules on customs origin in the EU Member State - the Republic of Lithuania and presents the current practice of national authorities in this area (in tax disputes related to the origin of imported goods), emphasizes its peculiarities and differences from practices in other EU Member States. The analysis performed and described in the article substantiates that in the Republic of Lithuania the possible sources of proof of customs origin of goods are assessed and interpreted in a unique and rather formal way. Besides, the burden of proving the origin of imported goods and its distribution between customs and importer is understood specifically and can be considered as more favourable to importers than the usual practice at the EU level.

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

origin
en
EU-Mercosur Association Agreement: the opportunities for European products in Brazil
14-08-2021

On July 7, 2021, Brazil disclosed its tariff elimination schedule embodied in the EU-Mercosur Association Agreement announced on June 28, 2019, in Brussels (Belgium). The official documents will only be binding after the ratification in each Member-State. However, the disclosed Annex gives an idea to European traders and practitioners of the gains that can be obtained when the deal enters into force.

Thális Andrade

origin
en
EU-Mercosur Association Agreement: the opportunities for European products in Brazil
14-08-2021

On July 7, 2021, Brazil disclosed its tariff elimination schedule embodied in the EU-Mercosur Association Agreement announced on June 28, 2019, in Brussels (Belgium). The official documents will only be binding after the ratification in each Member-State. However, the disclosed Annex gives an idea to European traders and practitioners of the gains that can be obtained when the deal enters into force.

Thális Andrade

origin
lt
Prekių kilmės taisyklių reikšmė iš ES muitų teritorijos išvežtų ir pakartotinai į ją įvežtų prekių apmokestinimui: teismų praktikos požiūris
07-08-2021

Verslo praktikoje pasitaiko situacijų, kuomet ES lengvatinės kilmės prekes prireikia įvežti į trečiąją valstybę ir po kiek laiko dėl ekonominės būtinybės vėl jas grąžinti į ES, neatlikus su prekėmis jokių ekonominių operacijų, dėl kurių formaliai galėjo pasikeisti prekių kilmė. Tokiu atveju neretai kyla klausimas ar šios prekės vis dar bus laikomos ES lengvatinės kilmės prekėmis ir neapmokestinamos importo muitais (jas įvežant į ES)? Į šiuos klausimus atsakymus siekė pateikti ir Lietuvos vyriausiasis administracinis teismas vienoje iš naujausių bylų.

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

origin
lt
Prekių kilmės taisyklių reikšmė iš ES muitų teritorijos išvežtų ir pakartotinai į ją įvežtų prekių apmokestinimui: teismų praktikos požiūris
07-08-2021

Verslo praktikoje pasitaiko situacijų, kuomet ES lengvatinės kilmės prekes prireikia įvežti į trečiąją valstybę ir po kiek laiko dėl ekonominės būtinybės vėl jas grąžinti į ES, neatlikus su prekėmis jokių ekonominių operacijų, dėl kurių formaliai galėjo pasikeisti prekių kilmė. Tokiu atveju neretai kyla klausimas ar šios prekės vis dar bus laikomos ES lengvatinės kilmės prekėmis ir neapmokestinamos importo muitais (jas įvežant į ES)? Į šiuos klausimus atsakymus siekė pateikti ir Lietuvos vyriausiasis administracinis teismas vienoje iš naujausių bylų.

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

origin
en, fr, lt
Rules of Origin: Highlights of the second WCO Conference
08-07-2021

The WCO Secretariat organized the second edition of its Global Origin Conference, held from 10 to 12 March 2021, with the objective of stimulating the exchange of knowledge on the management and implementation of rules of origin, both from a Customs and a trade operator perspective. Funded by the Korea Customs Service, the event was held online. Below are some of the key points made by the speakers.

origin
en, fr, lt
Rules of Origin: Highlights of the second WCO Conference
08-07-2021

The WCO Secretariat organized the second edition of its Global Origin Conference, held from 10 to 12 March 2021, with the objective of stimulating the exchange of knowledge on the management and implementation of rules of origin, both from a Customs and a trade operator perspective. Funded by the Korea Customs Service, the event was held online. Below are some of the key points made by the speakers.

origin
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