Basics in customs: commodity code, origin and duties, customs value

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Learn what an important role customs duties play when choosing from which third country supplier (the country of origin of the goods) to buy goods. Also learn, how the commodity code and customs value are determined. The video is worth watching not only for the staff of the purchasing department! Sometimes it only takes a little knowledge to save large sums.

Lukas is starting a new business. He wants to import bicycles into the European Union. After receiving offers from suppliers in three different countries, Lukas is not sure which one to choose. He is assisted in his decision by his friend Anna, a customs broker. She also provides a brief and clear overview of the three "cornerstones" of customs law:

  • commodity code setting (HS, CN, TARIC),
  • customs duties and the origin of goods,
  • the customs value of the goods as the basis on which duties are calculated.

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Comments ()

en
Challenging a BTI ruling
15-05-2022

The area of classification is often seen as a dark art and impenetrable to most people. This is of course untrue, but it does require experience and repeated and frequent exposure in order to operate confidently and competently within this discipline. In March 2021, an article reporting on the deliberations of the Irish Tax Appeals Commission regarding a tariff classification dispute between the Irish Revenue Commissioners and a medical technology company appeared in an Irish daily newspaper. As a customs consultant and a former civil servant with a particular interest in tariff classification, my attention was immediately piqued.

Dr. David Savage

classification
en
Challenging a BTI ruling
15-05-2022

The area of classification is often seen as a dark art and impenetrable to most people. This is of course untrue, but it does require experience and repeated and frequent exposure in order to operate confidently and competently within this discipline. In March 2021, an article reporting on the deliberations of the Irish Tax Appeals Commission regarding a tariff classification dispute between the Irish Revenue Commissioners and a medical technology company appeared in an Irish daily newspaper. As a customs consultant and a former civil servant with a particular interest in tariff classification, my attention was immediately piqued.

Dr. David Savage

classification
en, lt
Low value - is it the market price, a result of good business negotiation skills, or fraud?
08-05-2022

The problem of declaring a low value of goods and undervaluation to customs has always been relevant, and the control of determining the correct customs value has never left the sight of customs. We provide an overview of topics and cases of the European Court of Justice explored during an international conference, which took place recently in Rotterdam.

Milda Stravinskė

value of goods
en, lt
Low value - is it the market price, a result of good business negotiation skills, or fraud?
08-05-2022

The problem of declaring a low value of goods and undervaluation to customs has always been relevant, and the control of determining the correct customs value has never left the sight of customs. We provide an overview of topics and cases of the European Court of Justice explored during an international conference, which took place recently in Rotterdam.

Milda Stravinskė

value of goods
en, lt
The case with the smell of vanilla
24-04-2022

The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) examined a case, the goal of which was to clarify the tariff position that covers a runny and golden-brown product with a strong smell of vanilla, consisting of approximately 85% ethanol, 10% water, 4.8% dry residue and having an average vanilla content of 0.5% (the Goods), and whether the Goods of such composition shall be exempt from excise duty on alcohol. The CJEU had to clarify whether the Goods are classified as vegetable extracts, extracted oleoresins or a mixture thereof. It was also necessary to comment on the interpretation of ‘flavouring’, which is not defined in either the Combined Nomenclature (CN) or Council Directive 92/83/EEC of 19 October 1992 on the harmonization of the structures of excise duties on alcohol and alcoholic beverages (Directive 92/83).

Ingrida Kemežienė

classification
en, lt
The case with the smell of vanilla
24-04-2022

The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) examined a case, the goal of which was to clarify the tariff position that covers a runny and golden-brown product with a strong smell of vanilla, consisting of approximately 85% ethanol, 10% water, 4.8% dry residue and having an average vanilla content of 0.5% (the Goods), and whether the Goods of such composition shall be exempt from excise duty on alcohol. The CJEU had to clarify whether the Goods are classified as vegetable extracts, extracted oleoresins or a mixture thereof. It was also necessary to comment on the interpretation of ‘flavouring’, which is not defined in either the Combined Nomenclature (CN) or Council Directive 92/83/EEC of 19 October 1992 on the harmonization of the structures of excise duties on alcohol and alcoholic beverages (Directive 92/83).

Ingrida Kemežienė

classification
en, lt
Post-clearance verification of preferential origin of goods
17-04-2022

Customs may carry out post-clearance verification of the preferential origin of goods. As a result, a letter from customs might appear on the importer's desk stating that the preferential tariff treatment has been denied. In this article, we look at what is the process of post-clearance verification of preferential origin set out in some of the free trade agreements of Canada, the UK and the EU. Also, we provide practical examples and suggestions on how the preferential origin-related risk could be managed by importers.

Peter Mitchell

origin of goods
en, lt
Post-clearance verification of preferential origin of goods
17-04-2022

Customs may carry out post-clearance verification of the preferential origin of goods. As a result, a letter from customs might appear on the importer's desk stating that the preferential tariff treatment has been denied. In this article, we look at what is the process of post-clearance verification of preferential origin set out in some of the free trade agreements of Canada, the UK and the EU. Also, we provide practical examples and suggestions on how the preferential origin-related risk could be managed by importers.

Peter Mitchell

origin of goods
en, lt
Intrinsic value (e-commerce)
20-03-2022

Intrinsic value for commercial goods is the price of the goods themselves when sold for export to the customs territory of the Union, excluding transport and insurance costs, unless they are included in the price and not separately indicated on the invoice.

value of goods
en, lt
Intrinsic value (e-commerce)
20-03-2022

Intrinsic value for commercial goods is the price of the goods themselves when sold for export to the customs territory of the Union, excluding transport and insurance costs, unless they are included in the price and not separately indicated on the invoice.

value of goods
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