October 31, 2010
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Trade in wild plants and animals should be legal, traceable and sustainable
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, known by its acronym CITES or ‘the Washington Convention’, is an international agreement between governments aimed at ensuring that the international trade in species of wild animals and plants does not put their survival at risk.

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Resolving trade disputes beyond borders: the role of the WTO
21-08-2022

In international trade, the policies of the government of the trading partner such as the country of destination for exports may affect the business of a company. If a company conducting international trade believes that another member country of the World Trade Organization (WTO) is not complying with its obligations under a WTO Agreement and is creating trade barriers then what remedy is available under international trade law? Who can help a business entity in such a situation, which is beyond the jurisdiction of the home country? Is there any effective dispute resolution mechanism available under international trade law? How does it work? What are its strengths and weaknesses? What are the timelines for dispute resolution? How does it affect business environment? In this article these important aspects are explained for a better, certain, predictable, and fair international trading environment.

Rizwan Mahmood

law international
en
Resolving trade disputes beyond borders: the role of the WTO
21-08-2022

In international trade, the policies of the government of the trading partner such as the country of destination for exports may affect the business of a company. If a company conducting international trade believes that another member country of the World Trade Organization (WTO) is not complying with its obligations under a WTO Agreement and is creating trade barriers then what remedy is available under international trade law? Who can help a business entity in such a situation, which is beyond the jurisdiction of the home country? Is there any effective dispute resolution mechanism available under international trade law? How does it work? What are its strengths and weaknesses? What are the timelines for dispute resolution? How does it affect business environment? In this article these important aspects are explained for a better, certain, predictable, and fair international trading environment.

Rizwan Mahmood

law international
en
Mission possible: how the WTO Valuation Agreement strikes a balance between trade facilitation and customs regulation
17-07-2022

Customs valuation is one of the largest challenges in international trade. That is why the rules of customs valuation are set out in an international treaty. On the one hand, this is aimed at harmonizing the valuation rules, while on the other hand, it is aimed at protecting economic operators from the arbitrariness of the authorities and, ultimately, at helping traders. Does it really work in practice, and does it serve both public and private interests in international trade? In the article, the peculiarities of customs valuation are highlighted, which are especially important to consider for those who deal with developing and least-developed countries.

Rizwan Mahmood

law international
en
Mission possible: how the WTO Valuation Agreement strikes a balance between trade facilitation and customs regulation
17-07-2022

Customs valuation is one of the largest challenges in international trade. That is why the rules of customs valuation are set out in an international treaty. On the one hand, this is aimed at harmonizing the valuation rules, while on the other hand, it is aimed at protecting economic operators from the arbitrariness of the authorities and, ultimately, at helping traders. Does it really work in practice, and does it serve both public and private interests in international trade? In the article, the peculiarities of customs valuation are highlighted, which are especially important to consider for those who deal with developing and least-developed countries.

Rizwan Mahmood

law international
en
Supporting the green transition: challenges and way forward
01-07-2022

The WCO is celebrating its 70th anniversary this year and is taking this opportunity to look back at what it has achieved as well as at ways of responding to current challenges. One pressing issue is how to support the transition to a climate-neutral economy.

Kunio Mikuriya

law international
en
Supporting the green transition: challenges and way forward
01-07-2022

The WCO is celebrating its 70th anniversary this year and is taking this opportunity to look back at what it has achieved as well as at ways of responding to current challenges. One pressing issue is how to support the transition to a climate-neutral economy.

Kunio Mikuriya

law international
en
A few remarks on the softness of soft law in the sphere of customs classification
31-05-2022

Customs classification rules are numerous, long and technically complex. No wonder both declarants and customs authorities seek guidance as to understanding these rules. This article outlines the intricacies of hard and soft law aimed at facilitating the application of the classification provisions.

Prof Dr Krzysztof Lasiński-Sulecki

law international
en
A few remarks on the softness of soft law in the sphere of customs classification
31-05-2022

Customs classification rules are numerous, long and technically complex. No wonder both declarants and customs authorities seek guidance as to understanding these rules. This article outlines the intricacies of hard and soft law aimed at facilitating the application of the classification provisions.

Prof Dr Krzysztof Lasiński-Sulecki

law international
en
What strategies may EU traders use to overcome trade barriers?
31-05-2022

Recently, the European Commission (EC) terminated the examination procedure concerning obstacles to trade applied by Mexico (see Commission implementing decision (EU) 2022/161, 3.2.2022). This was because the dispute regarding Tequila export licenses was resolved in favour of EU exports by domestic courts in Mexico. The example reveals that exporters can cope with trade barriers in several ways: in courts, and through complaints to the EC.

Dr. Ilona Mishchenko

law international
en
What strategies may EU traders use to overcome trade barriers?
31-05-2022

Recently, the European Commission (EC) terminated the examination procedure concerning obstacles to trade applied by Mexico (see Commission implementing decision (EU) 2022/161, 3.2.2022). This was because the dispute regarding Tequila export licenses was resolved in favour of EU exports by domestic courts in Mexico. The example reveals that exporters can cope with trade barriers in several ways: in courts, and through complaints to the EC.

Dr. Ilona Mishchenko

law international
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