April 19, 2020
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Customs value

Photo by Omid Armin on Unsplash

The customs value of goods is the basis for the assessment of duties and taxes. It would be complicated for international trade to operate if each country would use its own valuation methods. Therefore international valuation rules were developed. These rules are also used for the purposes of trade statistics, trade agreements and to monitor quantitative restrictions.

“Customs value“ of imported goods on the international scale means the value as determined in accordance with the Agreement on Implementation of Article VII of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 (WTO Agreement on Customs Valuation).

WTO Agreement on Customs Valuation sets out that the value for customs purposes of imported merchandise should be based on the actual value of the imported merchandise on which duty is assessed, or of like merchandise, and should not be based on the value of merchandise of national origin or on arbitrary or fictitious values.

"Actual value" should be the price at which, at a time and place determined by the legislation of the country of importation, such or like merchandise is sold or offered for sale in the ordinary course of trade under fully competitive conditions. To the extent to which the price of such or like merchandise is governed by the quantity in a particular transaction, the price to be considered should uniformly be related to either (i) comparable quantities, or (ii) quantities not less favorable to importers than those in which the greater volume of the merchandise is sold in the trade between the countries of exportation and importation.

Please find the text of Article VII. This document is published on the WCO website.

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en, lt
Baltic Master case in the CJEU: once again about related persons and the use of customs valuation IS
31-07-2022

On 13.06.2022, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) issued a decision in the Baltic Master case (C-599/20) on two relatively unrelated issues. The first, whether customs must establish an objective legal relationship between the buyer and the seller in order to consider them as related persons. The second, whether customs can rely on the value of a single comparable transaction found on the national customs valuation information system (IS), denying the acceptance of the declared value of the goods (air conditioning units). In this article, we discuss interpretations provided by the CJEU; and we look forward for the national verdict of the Supreme Administrative Court of Lithuania (SACL).

Monika Bielskienė

value of goods
en, lt
Baltic Master case in the CJEU: once again about related persons and the use of customs valuation IS
31-07-2022

On 13.06.2022, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) issued a decision in the Baltic Master case (C-599/20) on two relatively unrelated issues. The first, whether customs must establish an objective legal relationship between the buyer and the seller in order to consider them as related persons. The second, whether customs can rely on the value of a single comparable transaction found on the national customs valuation information system (IS), denying the acceptance of the declared value of the goods (air conditioning units). In this article, we discuss interpretations provided by the CJEU; and we look forward for the national verdict of the Supreme Administrative Court of Lithuania (SACL).

Monika Bielskienė

value of goods
lt
Ekspertės nuomonė Baltic Master bylos klausimu
31-07-2022

Malonu, kad buvau pakviesta pasidalinti savo asmenine ekspertine nuomone Baltic Master bylos klausimu. Esu tikra, kad bylos eigą akylai seka ne tik leidinio redakcinė kolegija, bet ir Lietuvos bei ES ir ne ES šalių muitinių atstovai, teisininkai, tarptautinio verslo specialistai, t. y., visi muitinės praktika besidomintys profesionalai.

Milda Stravinskė

value of goods
lt
Ekspertės nuomonė Baltic Master bylos klausimu
31-07-2022

Malonu, kad buvau pakviesta pasidalinti savo asmenine ekspertine nuomone Baltic Master bylos klausimu. Esu tikra, kad bylos eigą akylai seka ne tik leidinio redakcinė kolegija, bet ir Lietuvos bei ES ir ne ES šalių muitinių atstovai, teisininkai, tarptautinio verslo specialistai, t. y., visi muitinės praktika besidomintys profesionalai.

Milda Stravinskė

value of goods
en, lt
CJEU guidelines on the selection of identical or similar goods for determining the customs value
20-07-2022

Customs administration shall exercise due care in analysing the facts, gathering information and evidence for the use of each of the alternative methods for determining the customs value. This includes the duty of the customs authorities to consult all the information sources and databases available to them. Are customs authorities obliged to check information systems maintained by the EU? May identical or similar imports (which have not been challenged) of the same trader be excluded? What is the period, in which identical or similar imports are considered to be ‘made at the same or around the same time’? We look at the CJEU's answers to these questions.

Georgi Goranov

value of goods
en, lt
CJEU guidelines on the selection of identical or similar goods for determining the customs value
20-07-2022

Customs administration shall exercise due care in analysing the facts, gathering information and evidence for the use of each of the alternative methods for determining the customs value. This includes the duty of the customs authorities to consult all the information sources and databases available to them. Are customs authorities obliged to check information systems maintained by the EU? May identical or similar imports (which have not been challenged) of the same trader be excluded? What is the period, in which identical or similar imports are considered to be ‘made at the same or around the same time’? We look at the CJEU's answers to these questions.

Georgi Goranov

value of goods
en
Mission possible: how the WTO Valuation Agreement strikes a balance between trade facilitation and customs regulation
17-07-2022

Customs valuation is one of the largest challenges in international trade. That is why the rules of customs valuation are set out in an international treaty. On the one hand, this is aimed at harmonizing the valuation rules, while on the other hand, it is aimed at protecting economic operators from the arbitrariness of the authorities and, ultimately, at helping traders. Does it really work in practice, and does it serve both public and private interests in international trade? In the article, the peculiarities of customs valuation are highlighted, which are especially important to consider for those who deal with developing and least-developed countries.

Rizwan Mahmood

value of goods
en
Mission possible: how the WTO Valuation Agreement strikes a balance between trade facilitation and customs regulation
17-07-2022

Customs valuation is one of the largest challenges in international trade. That is why the rules of customs valuation are set out in an international treaty. On the one hand, this is aimed at harmonizing the valuation rules, while on the other hand, it is aimed at protecting economic operators from the arbitrariness of the authorities and, ultimately, at helping traders. Does it really work in practice, and does it serve both public and private interests in international trade? In the article, the peculiarities of customs valuation are highlighted, which are especially important to consider for those who deal with developing and least-developed countries.

Rizwan Mahmood

value of goods
image en, lt
Customs valuation: What should all stakeholders in the company know about it?
21-06-2022

Bertrand Rager

value of goods
image en, lt
Customs valuation: What should all stakeholders in the company know about it?
21-06-2022

Bertrand Rager

value of goods
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