July 16, 2020
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In a customs territory, uniform customs laws apply and there are no internal customs or similar taxes. A customs territory covers territories including their territorial waters, internal waters, and airspace.

Watch the video and learn answers to these questions:

  • Is the customs territory the same as the national territory?
  • Where does the customs territory at sea and on land begin and end? How about the airspace?

In the video, there are examples of European Union customs territory provided.


The video ends with the task regarding customs territory in the air. You should know that the customs territory in the air covers not only the customs territory above the ground and the internal waters, but also includes the airstrip above the territorial waters (in the sea). This principle derives from the Geneva Convention on the High Seas (1958).


By international law, territorial waters cover 12 nautical miles (22.2 km) out from a nation's coastline (the baseline); internal waters include waters on the side of the baseline of territorial waters that is facing toward the land and waterways such as rivers and canals.