January 11, 2022
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Customs status of goods in EU

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What is the customs status of goods?

‘Customs status’ means the status of goods as Union or non-Union goods. All goods within the customs territory of the Union are presumed to have the customs status of Union goods, unless it is established that they are non-Union goods. 

Why is it important?

Union goods can be moved within the EU without any customs formalities, which is not the case for non-Union goods. 

What are Union goods?

Union goods are goods that fall into any of the following categories:

  • goods wholly obtained in the customs territory of the Union;
  • goods brought into the customs territory of the Union and released for free circulation;
  • goods obtained or produced in the customs territory of the Union, using only goods from the above mentioned goods.

Union goods lose their customs status as Union goods when they are taken out of the customs territory of the Union and in some other cases.

What are Non-Union goods?

Non-Union goods are goods other than Union goods. They become Union goods when they are released to free circulation. 

Non-Union goods remain under customs supervision until their customs status is changed, or they are taken out of the customs territory of the Union or destroyed.

When is proof of Union status required?

There are situations where Union goods move from one point in the customs territory of the Union to another through the territory of a third country. When the goods re-enter the Union, customs will ask you to prove the Union status of the goods by presenting the relevant customs document.

For example, goods are brought by truck from Spain to Ireland via Great Britain. In this case, a T2 transit declaration will be required. If the goods are transported by container vessel, a T2L document (for goods with a value of up to EUR 15 000 - invoice or transport document) is required.

Comments ()

lt
Prekių laikinojo saugojimo pažeidimai ir jų teisinio vertinimo aktualijos (III dalis): atsakomybės už deklaravimo pažeidimus taikymo ypatumai
04-09-2022

Straipsnyje aptariamos situacijos, susijusios su galimais laikinojo saugojimo deklaravimo netikslumais, neatitikimais ar klaidomis ir jų vertinimas aktualioje teismų praktikoje, kiek tai susiję su administracinės atsakomybės (baudų, nuobaudų skyrimu). Pavyzdžiui, tokia atsakomybė gali būti taikoma, jei deklaravus prekes laikinajam saugojimui, visas jų kiekis toliau tinkamai nenurodomas paskesnėje šioms prekėms parenkamos bei įforminamos muitinės procedūros deklaracijoje. Remiantis konkrečiais teismų praktikos pavyzdžiais, straipsnyje nagrinėjamos (pagal jų rūšis) faktinės situacijos, kurios gali nulemti administracinės atsakomybės taikymą netinkamai užbaigus prekių laikinąjį saugojimą, taip pat apibūdinama kokios teisinės pasekmės gali kilti kiekvienu atveju ir kuomet atsakomybė (teismų vertinimu) apskritai neturėtų būti taikoma arba švelninama (mažinant skiriamas baudas).

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

customs clearance
lt
Prekių laikinojo saugojimo pažeidimai ir jų teisinio vertinimo aktualijos (III dalis): atsakomybės už deklaravimo pažeidimus taikymo ypatumai
04-09-2022

Straipsnyje aptariamos situacijos, susijusios su galimais laikinojo saugojimo deklaravimo netikslumais, neatitikimais ar klaidomis ir jų vertinimas aktualioje teismų praktikoje, kiek tai susiję su administracinės atsakomybės (baudų, nuobaudų skyrimu). Pavyzdžiui, tokia atsakomybė gali būti taikoma, jei deklaravus prekes laikinajam saugojimui, visas jų kiekis toliau tinkamai nenurodomas paskesnėje šioms prekėms parenkamos bei įforminamos muitinės procedūros deklaracijoje. Remiantis konkrečiais teismų praktikos pavyzdžiais, straipsnyje nagrinėjamos (pagal jų rūšis) faktinės situacijos, kurios gali nulemti administracinės atsakomybės taikymą netinkamai užbaigus prekių laikinąjį saugojimą, taip pat apibūdinama kokios teisinės pasekmės gali kilti kiekvienu atveju ir kuomet atsakomybė (teismų vertinimu) apskritai neturėtų būti taikoma arba švelninama (mažinant skiriamas baudas).

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

customs clearance
en, lt
Alcohol turned into water in a customs warehouse: who pays the customs bill?
28-08-2022

A customs warehouse stored bottled alcohol (vodka). Customs audited the warehouse, took a sample, and found that there was water instead of vodka in the bottles! Customs ordered the warehouse to pay €308,455 customs debt (import duties and taxes, fines and interest). A dispute arose regarding who must pay the customs debt, as the customs warehouse is not obliged to take samples of the goods. Let's look at the clarification of the Supreme Administrative Court of Lithuania (SACL) in this case.

Jurgita Bartninkienė

customs clearance
en, lt
Alcohol turned into water in a customs warehouse: who pays the customs bill?
28-08-2022

A customs warehouse stored bottled alcohol (vodka). Customs audited the warehouse, took a sample, and found that there was water instead of vodka in the bottles! Customs ordered the warehouse to pay €308,455 customs debt (import duties and taxes, fines and interest). A dispute arose regarding who must pay the customs debt, as the customs warehouse is not obliged to take samples of the goods. Let's look at the clarification of the Supreme Administrative Court of Lithuania (SACL) in this case.

Jurgita Bartninkienė

customs clearance
image en
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24-06-2022

Customs Knowledge Institute

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Customs clearance in the EU: basics for the container shipping and logistics industry
07-05-2022

Customs Knowledge Institute

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Customs clearance in the EU: basics for the container shipping and logistics industry
07-05-2022

Customs Knowledge Institute

customs clearance
en, lt
Import into the EU: peculiarities of the end-use procedure
27-03-2022

The end-use customs procedure can offer the benefit of an import duty relief when the goods are imported for a specific use, or it might be the only option to import certain goods. Let's look at the specifics of this procedure by answering the reader's question about the conditions for the import into the EU of propane gas, which will be used in the technological process of a manufacturing plant. We also provide an overview of the general import requirements for chemicals.

Alina Budrikienė

customs clearance
en, lt
Import into the EU: peculiarities of the end-use procedure
27-03-2022

The end-use customs procedure can offer the benefit of an import duty relief when the goods are imported for a specific use, or it might be the only option to import certain goods. Let's look at the specifics of this procedure by answering the reader's question about the conditions for the import into the EU of propane gas, which will be used in the technological process of a manufacturing plant. We also provide an overview of the general import requirements for chemicals.

Alina Budrikienė

customs clearance
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