November 20, 2021
en fr
African Continental Free Trade Area: Background and Role of Customs

Photo from WCO News

Agreement Establishing the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) was signed on 21 March 2018. The AfCFTA is the latest of many regional integration initiatives that go back to the years prior to the colonization of Africa, of integration efforts by the colonial powers, and of initiatives by the independent African States.

To access the full text please

Additionally, for all newcomers we give 5 paid articles for free.

Comments ()

en
Mission possible: how the WTO Valuation Agreement strikes a balance between trade facilitation and customs regulation
17-07-2022

Customs valuation is one of the largest challenges in international trade. That is why the rules of customs valuation are set out in an international treaty. On the one hand, this is aimed at harmonizing the valuation rules, while on the other hand, it is aimed at protecting economic operators from the arbitrariness of the authorities and, ultimately, at helping traders. Does it really work in practice, and does it serve both public and private interests in international trade? In the article, the peculiarities of customs valuation are highlighted, which are especially important to consider for those who deal with developing and least-developed countries.

Rizwan Mahmood

law international
en
Mission possible: how the WTO Valuation Agreement strikes a balance between trade facilitation and customs regulation
17-07-2022

Customs valuation is one of the largest challenges in international trade. That is why the rules of customs valuation are set out in an international treaty. On the one hand, this is aimed at harmonizing the valuation rules, while on the other hand, it is aimed at protecting economic operators from the arbitrariness of the authorities and, ultimately, at helping traders. Does it really work in practice, and does it serve both public and private interests in international trade? In the article, the peculiarities of customs valuation are highlighted, which are especially important to consider for those who deal with developing and least-developed countries.

Rizwan Mahmood

law international
en
Supporting the green transition: challenges and way forward
01-07-2022

The WCO is celebrating its 70th anniversary this year and is taking this opportunity to look back at what it has achieved as well as at ways of responding to current challenges. One pressing issue is how to support the transition to a climate-neutral economy.

Kunio Mikuriya

law international
en
Supporting the green transition: challenges and way forward
01-07-2022

The WCO is celebrating its 70th anniversary this year and is taking this opportunity to look back at what it has achieved as well as at ways of responding to current challenges. One pressing issue is how to support the transition to a climate-neutral economy.

Kunio Mikuriya

law international
en
A few remarks on the softness of soft law in the sphere of customs classification
31-05-2022

Customs classification rules are numerous, long and technically complex. No wonder both declarants and customs authorities seek guidance as to understanding these rules. This article outlines the intricacies of hard and soft law aimed at facilitating the application of the classification provisions.

Prof Dr Krzysztof Lasiński-Sulecki

law international
en
A few remarks on the softness of soft law in the sphere of customs classification
31-05-2022

Customs classification rules are numerous, long and technically complex. No wonder both declarants and customs authorities seek guidance as to understanding these rules. This article outlines the intricacies of hard and soft law aimed at facilitating the application of the classification provisions.

Prof Dr Krzysztof Lasiński-Sulecki

law international
en
What strategies may EU traders use to overcome trade barriers?
31-05-2022

Recently, the European Commission (EC) terminated the examination procedure concerning obstacles to trade applied by Mexico (see Commission implementing decision (EU) 2022/161, 3.2.2022). This was because the dispute regarding Tequila export licenses was resolved in favour of EU exports by domestic courts in Mexico. The example reveals that exporters can cope with trade barriers in several ways: in courts, and through complaints to the EC.

Dr. Ilona Mishchenko

law international
en
What strategies may EU traders use to overcome trade barriers?
31-05-2022

Recently, the European Commission (EC) terminated the examination procedure concerning obstacles to trade applied by Mexico (see Commission implementing decision (EU) 2022/161, 3.2.2022). This was because the dispute regarding Tequila export licenses was resolved in favour of EU exports by domestic courts in Mexico. The example reveals that exporters can cope with trade barriers in several ways: in courts, and through complaints to the EC.

Dr. Ilona Mishchenko

law international
en
What exporters should know about licensing barriers?
03-04-2022

Due to the non-transparent import licensing requirements in many countries, such as Turkey, India, Malaysia, Brazil, and Argentina, to mention a few, exporters are denied trade opportunities, which these days are especially important for those who lost their export markets after Russia invaded Ukraine. The article introduces basic information on automatic and non-automatic licensing and provides practical examples of some non-transparent licensing regimes worldwide that must be considered when choosing new export markets.

Dr. Ilona Mishchenko

law international
en
What exporters should know about licensing barriers?
03-04-2022

Due to the non-transparent import licensing requirements in many countries, such as Turkey, India, Malaysia, Brazil, and Argentina, to mention a few, exporters are denied trade opportunities, which these days are especially important for those who lost their export markets after Russia invaded Ukraine. The article introduces basic information on automatic and non-automatic licensing and provides practical examples of some non-transparent licensing regimes worldwide that must be considered when choosing new export markets.

Dr. Ilona Mishchenko

law international
Forgot password?

* Mandatory fields

By signing up you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy

Password reset

Check your e-mail, we sent you a link to reset your password.


Login with Google Login with LinkedIn

Contact us

Thank you for report
Your email can be used only to contact you for problem details. It won't be used for advertising purposes
Maximum file size 6mb
File is too large