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What strategies may EU traders use to overcome trade barriers?
31-05-2022

Recently, the European Commission (EC) terminated the examination procedure concerning obstacles to trade applied by Mexico (see Commission implementing decision (EU) 2022/161, 3.2.2022). This was because the dispute regarding Tequila export licenses was resolved in favour of EU exports by domestic courts in Mexico. The example reveals that exporters can cope with trade barriers in several ways: in courts, and through complaints to the EC.

Dr. Ilona Mishchenko

trade policy
en
What strategies may EU traders use to overcome trade barriers?
31-05-2022

Recently, the European Commission (EC) terminated the examination procedure concerning obstacles to trade applied by Mexico (see Commission implementing decision (EU) 2022/161, 3.2.2022). This was because the dispute regarding Tequila export licenses was resolved in favour of EU exports by domestic courts in Mexico. The example reveals that exporters can cope with trade barriers in several ways: in courts, and through complaints to the EC.

Dr. Ilona Mishchenko

trade policy
en
What exporters should know about licensing barriers?
03-04-2022

Due to the non-transparent import licensing requirements in many countries, such as Turkey, India, Malaysia, Brazil, and Argentina, to mention a few, exporters are denied trade opportunities, which these days are especially important for those who lost their export markets after Russia invaded Ukraine. The article introduces basic information on automatic and non-automatic licensing and provides practical examples of some non-transparent licensing regimes worldwide that must be considered when choosing new export markets.

Dr. Ilona Mishchenko

trade policy
en
What exporters should know about licensing barriers?
03-04-2022

Due to the non-transparent import licensing requirements in many countries, such as Turkey, India, Malaysia, Brazil, and Argentina, to mention a few, exporters are denied trade opportunities, which these days are especially important for those who lost their export markets after Russia invaded Ukraine. The article introduces basic information on automatic and non-automatic licensing and provides practical examples of some non-transparent licensing regimes worldwide that must be considered when choosing new export markets.

Dr. Ilona Mishchenko

trade policy
en, lt
Trade Barriers Regulation of the EU
03-04-2022

Part of the EU’s trade rules enforcement arsenal, the Trade Barriers Regulation is a legal instrument that gives EU companies, industries, associations and Member States the right to lodge a complaint with the Commission about trade barriers in third countries.

trade policy
en, lt
Trade Barriers Regulation of the EU
03-04-2022

Part of the EU’s trade rules enforcement arsenal, the Trade Barriers Regulation is a legal instrument that gives EU companies, industries, associations and Member States the right to lodge a complaint with the Commission about trade barriers in third countries.

trade policy
en
India - UK FTA: opportunities for businesses
09-01-2022

India has more than 20 Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) in place and is negotiating FTAs with many new trade partners. One of the important ongoing negotiations is the India-UK Enhanced Trade Partnership (ETP). What opportunities do FTAs open for businesses and what could be expected from the India-UK ETP?

Krishna Barad

trade policy
en
India - UK FTA: opportunities for businesses
09-01-2022

India has more than 20 Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) in place and is negotiating FTAs with many new trade partners. One of the important ongoing negotiations is the India-UK Enhanced Trade Partnership (ETP). What opportunities do FTAs open for businesses and what could be expected from the India-UK ETP?

Krishna Barad

trade policy
en, lt
Do we have time to prepare for the introduction of trade defence measures?
31-12-2021

Importers, especially small and medium-sized enterprises, are often unaware of trade defence instruments (TDIs) and face the consequences of newly introduced measures unprepared, thus incurring unforeseen costs. Is it possible to prepare for this and thus, albeit partially, manage the risks associated with the introduction of TDIs? One mean to manage such risks would be regular monitoring of the regulatory environment. Of course, this requires resources, but it is equally important to know the process and deadlines for setting the TDI, as well as why different sizes of measures apply to the same product imported from the same non-EU country and where to find the necessary information. Thus, this is to be discussed in the article.

Jovita Dobrovalskienė

trade policy
en, lt
Do we have time to prepare for the introduction of trade defence measures?
31-12-2021

Importers, especially small and medium-sized enterprises, are often unaware of trade defence instruments (TDIs) and face the consequences of newly introduced measures unprepared, thus incurring unforeseen costs. Is it possible to prepare for this and thus, albeit partially, manage the risks associated with the introduction of TDIs? One mean to manage such risks would be regular monitoring of the regulatory environment. Of course, this requires resources, but it is equally important to know the process and deadlines for setting the TDI, as well as why different sizes of measures apply to the same product imported from the same non-EU country and where to find the necessary information. Thus, this is to be discussed in the article.

Jovita Dobrovalskienė

trade policy
en, fr
A look at the RCEP from a Customs perspective
20-11-2021

The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is becoming the world’s largest existing free trade agreement in terms of economic size. Aimed at further integrating the economies of Southeast and Northeast Asia, the RCEP sets high requirements on Customs in terms of procedures, processes and performance. This article looks at the agreement from a Customs perspective and puts forward suggestions for its effective implementation.

Dr. Tong Hua

trade policy
en, fr
A look at the RCEP from a Customs perspective
20-11-2021

The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is becoming the world’s largest existing free trade agreement in terms of economic size. Aimed at further integrating the economies of Southeast and Northeast Asia, the RCEP sets high requirements on Customs in terms of procedures, processes and performance. This article looks at the agreement from a Customs perspective and puts forward suggestions for its effective implementation.

Dr. Tong Hua

trade policy
en
The fall and partial rise of EU-US trading relations
13-11-2021

In spite of recent challenges, the EU-US trading relationship is underpinned by deeply integrated economies. The European Commission website describes this relationship as defining world trade and contributing as much as 40% to world GDP. Despite both the EU and the USA being modern developed economies, competition for global market share in addition societal changes brought about by an increase in globalisation has influenced trade policy. This has been particularly evident during the Trump presidency. This article tracks this difficult spell that we look to be emerging from and looks forward to what is hoped will be a détente in trade tensions between the two trading powerhouses on either side of the Atlantic Ocean.

Dr. David Savage

trade policy
en
The fall and partial rise of EU-US trading relations
13-11-2021

In spite of recent challenges, the EU-US trading relationship is underpinned by deeply integrated economies. The European Commission website describes this relationship as defining world trade and contributing as much as 40% to world GDP. Despite both the EU and the USA being modern developed economies, competition for global market share in addition societal changes brought about by an increase in globalisation has influenced trade policy. This has been particularly evident during the Trump presidency. This article tracks this difficult spell that we look to be emerging from and looks forward to what is hoped will be a détente in trade tensions between the two trading powerhouses on either side of the Atlantic Ocean.

Dr. David Savage

trade policy
en, lt
Trade defence instruments (TDIs): what EU importers and exporters should know
11-09-2021

The European Commission has published its 39th Annual Report on the use of trade defence instruments (TDIs) in 2020. The TDIs are applied to prevent unfair trade practices, mainly cheap imports due to dumping or subsidies, which harm EU producers. However, EU importers, especially SMEs, are often caught by a newly launched TDI unprepared and not aware of the unfair trade. The price of unawareness is high - the amount of import duties to be paid may be similar to the price of the goods themselves.

Enrika Naujokė

trade policy
en, lt
Trade defence instruments (TDIs): what EU importers and exporters should know
11-09-2021

The European Commission has published its 39th Annual Report on the use of trade defence instruments (TDIs) in 2020. The TDIs are applied to prevent unfair trade practices, mainly cheap imports due to dumping or subsidies, which harm EU producers. However, EU importers, especially SMEs, are often caught by a newly launched TDI unprepared and not aware of the unfair trade. The price of unawareness is high - the amount of import duties to be paid may be similar to the price of the goods themselves.

Enrika Naujokė

trade policy
en
EU-UK trade 2021 – Top 5 customs compliance mistakes and how to avoid them
02-09-2021

For businesses trading between the EU and UK, 2021 has been a year of change. The various easements introduced by HMRC with the aim to phase in the changes caused more confusion. With three months left to the year, take a look at the top 5 common mistakes made by businesses this year and read about how you can avoid them.

Jessica Yang

trade policy
en
EU-UK trade 2021 – Top 5 customs compliance mistakes and how to avoid them
02-09-2021

For businesses trading between the EU and UK, 2021 has been a year of change. The various easements introduced by HMRC with the aim to phase in the changes caused more confusion. With three months left to the year, take a look at the top 5 common mistakes made by businesses this year and read about how you can avoid them.

Jessica Yang

trade policy
en
Expectations for the future of the EU trade and customs policy: what should be known to practitioners?
27-07-2021

The article analyses new strategic document of the EU’s Commission (presented to the public in February, 2021, and currently discussed in other EU institutions) called “Trade Policy Review - An Open, Sustainable and Assertive Trade Policy”. This document (strategy) aims to establish a new consensus for trade policy in the EU and sets new core objectives for the regulation of trade and customs issues with specific third countries. Taking into account this aspect, this article summarizes and critically evaluates the provisions of the new strategy designed to regulate trade with the EU's main foreign trade partners (United States, China, Russia, India, other countries of the BRICS region) and describes the significance of the strategy for international trade business and its taxation.

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

trade policy
en
Expectations for the future of the EU trade and customs policy: what should be known to practitioners?
27-07-2021

The article analyses new strategic document of the EU’s Commission (presented to the public in February, 2021, and currently discussed in other EU institutions) called “Trade Policy Review - An Open, Sustainable and Assertive Trade Policy”. This document (strategy) aims to establish a new consensus for trade policy in the EU and sets new core objectives for the regulation of trade and customs issues with specific third countries. Taking into account this aspect, this article summarizes and critically evaluates the provisions of the new strategy designed to regulate trade with the EU's main foreign trade partners (United States, China, Russia, India, other countries of the BRICS region) and describes the significance of the strategy for international trade business and its taxation.

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

trade policy
en, lt
Types of free trade agreements
05-06-2021

There are four types of free trade agreements: first and second generation agreements, Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Areas, and Economic Partnership Agreements.

trade policy
en, lt
Types of free trade agreements
05-06-2021

There are four types of free trade agreements: first and second generation agreements, Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Areas, and Economic Partnership Agreements.

trade policy
en
Application of customs duties to the international trade between the EU and Russian Federation: lessons from the practice of recent WTO disputes
28-01-2021

At present, the Russian Federation is the third most important trading partner for the European Union (EU) in terms of international trade in goods and the EU is the most important trading partner for the Russian Federation. In addition, starting from 2012, the Russian Federation is also a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), so its trade relations with the EU are also governed by the WTO law. Taking into account the fact that customs duties, especially trade defence duties, have a significant practical impact on the volume of international trade between the EU and the Russian Federation and on international trade business, this article discusses the legal issues of their application and possible solutions, based on the recent WTO trade dispute settlement practice.

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

trade policy
en
Application of customs duties to the international trade between the EU and Russian Federation: lessons from the practice of recent WTO disputes
28-01-2021

At present, the Russian Federation is the third most important trading partner for the European Union (EU) in terms of international trade in goods and the EU is the most important trading partner for the Russian Federation. In addition, starting from 2012, the Russian Federation is also a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), so its trade relations with the EU are also governed by the WTO law. Taking into account the fact that customs duties, especially trade defence duties, have a significant practical impact on the volume of international trade between the EU and the Russian Federation and on international trade business, this article discusses the legal issues of their application and possible solutions, based on the recent WTO trade dispute settlement practice.

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

trade policy
en
Brexit Diary October-November
30-11-2020

As the second wave of COVID-19 continued to caused misery for millions of people across Europe and the world, Brexit continued to bubble away under the surface. As we moved from September into October precious little progress was evident as the UK and EU sides re-iterated their positions in regarding the main sticking points, i.e. The Level Playing Field, Fisheries and Governance.

Dr. David Savage

trade policy
en
Brexit Diary October-November
30-11-2020

As the second wave of COVID-19 continued to caused misery for millions of people across Europe and the world, Brexit continued to bubble away under the surface. As we moved from September into October precious little progress was evident as the UK and EU sides re-iterated their positions in regarding the main sticking points, i.e. The Level Playing Field, Fisheries and Governance.

Dr. David Savage

trade policy
en
Brexit Diary August-September
29-09-2020

In any other year, the Brexit issue would receive a huge amount of attention. However, 2020 is an unusual year. As the COVID-19 pandemic continued to present Governments all over the world with policy decisions, the clock continued to tick down on the EU-UK Free Trade Agreement negotiations. August was relatively quiet but all of that changed in September as the UK government upped the stakes with the introduction of the Internal Market Bill. This is my Brexit Diary which tracks developments in the upcoming and final EU-UK divorce.

Dr. David Savage

trade policy
en
Brexit Diary August-September
29-09-2020

In any other year, the Brexit issue would receive a huge amount of attention. However, 2020 is an unusual year. As the COVID-19 pandemic continued to present Governments all over the world with policy decisions, the clock continued to tick down on the EU-UK Free Trade Agreement negotiations. August was relatively quiet but all of that changed in September as the UK government upped the stakes with the introduction of the Internal Market Bill. This is my Brexit Diary which tracks developments in the upcoming and final EU-UK divorce.

Dr. David Savage

trade policy
en, lt
Opportunities for producers: tariff suspensions
24-09-2020

Due to tariffs suspensions Lithuanian producers saved more than 5.15 million euros in 2019. This amount seems considerable, but it could have been significantly higher! In this article, we draw the attention of producers to an opportunity which, in our view, is not sufficiently exploited yet. We also review the current issues - which goods are no longer subject to tariff suspensions due to the new EU Environmental Policy and Industrial Policy, and exceptions - when tariff suspensions are compatible with the application of the anti-dumping duty. Finally, we will share practical advice on how to complete a customs declaration and briefly review other countries' requests for tariff suspensions.

Žydrė Bartaškienė

trade policy
en, lt
Opportunities for producers: tariff suspensions
24-09-2020

Due to tariffs suspensions Lithuanian producers saved more than 5.15 million euros in 2019. This amount seems considerable, but it could have been significantly higher! In this article, we draw the attention of producers to an opportunity which, in our view, is not sufficiently exploited yet. We also review the current issues - which goods are no longer subject to tariff suspensions due to the new EU Environmental Policy and Industrial Policy, and exceptions - when tariff suspensions are compatible with the application of the anti-dumping duty. Finally, we will share practical advice on how to complete a customs declaration and briefly review other countries' requests for tariff suspensions.

Žydrė Bartaškienė

trade policy
en
BREXIT: "NO DEAL" in sight!
12-09-2020

We are heading straight for a "no-deal" with the UK - i.e. the application of the rules of the World Trade Organisation, which means high tariffs and tighter customs controls. The European Union will apply the same rules as for any country with which it does not have a trade agreement (the United States, for example). You should therefore build this scenario into your business and contact your service providers to prepare for this deadline as well as possible. For your information, you will find materials made available by the French authorities, Brussels and British authorities, and information about CE marking change to UKCA marking.

Bertrand Rager

trade policy
en
BREXIT: "NO DEAL" in sight!
12-09-2020

We are heading straight for a "no-deal" with the UK - i.e. the application of the rules of the World Trade Organisation, which means high tariffs and tighter customs controls. The European Union will apply the same rules as for any country with which it does not have a trade agreement (the United States, for example). You should therefore build this scenario into your business and contact your service providers to prepare for this deadline as well as possible. For your information, you will find materials made available by the French authorities, Brussels and British authorities, and information about CE marking change to UKCA marking.

Bertrand Rager

trade policy
en
Brexit Diary
27-07-2020

At the beginning of June, attention was focussed upon COVID19 and the damage it was doing to the world’s economy. Despite this unwanted distraction, the issue of the Brexit transition period, dormant since January, began to gain traction once again in the news cycle. This account tracks the main developments in the Brexit story during June and July.

Dr. David Savage

trade policy
en
Brexit Diary
27-07-2020

At the beginning of June, attention was focussed upon COVID19 and the damage it was doing to the world’s economy. Despite this unwanted distraction, the issue of the Brexit transition period, dormant since January, began to gain traction once again in the news cycle. This account tracks the main developments in the Brexit story during June and July.

Dr. David Savage

trade policy
en, lt, ru
Association Agreement between the EU and Ukraine: practical lessons from the implementation and its impact on Ukrainian customs legislation
25-07-2020

The article reviews one of the recent Association Agreements with the third countries which were concluded by the EU, namely, EU – Ukraine Association Agreement (2017), and, in particular, presents the experience and practice of Ukraine while implementing its commitments to harmonize national customs legislation with the EU customs law. The article describes efforts of the Republic of Ukraine to modernize its national sources of customs law and presents the summary of legal acts adopted in Ukraine while implementing the Association Agreement with the EU. The information provided in the article describes the conditions faced by all businesses engaged in trade between Ukraine and the EU as well as importing goods from the EU to the Republic of Ukraine.

Prof Dr Borys Kormych

trade policy
en, lt, ru
Association Agreement between the EU and Ukraine: practical lessons from the implementation and its impact on Ukrainian customs legislation
25-07-2020

The article reviews one of the recent Association Agreements with the third countries which were concluded by the EU, namely, EU – Ukraine Association Agreement (2017), and, in particular, presents the experience and practice of Ukraine while implementing its commitments to harmonize national customs legislation with the EU customs law. The article describes efforts of the Republic of Ukraine to modernize its national sources of customs law and presents the summary of legal acts adopted in Ukraine while implementing the Association Agreement with the EU. The information provided in the article describes the conditions faced by all businesses engaged in trade between Ukraine and the EU as well as importing goods from the EU to the Republic of Ukraine.

Prof Dr Borys Kormych

trade policy
en, lt
Free Trade Agreement between the EU and Vietnam
21-07-2020

The Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between the European Union and the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam will enter into force on 1 August 2020. In the article, we overview the benefits for trade it will bring, the proof of origin requirements, transitional provisions, and the application of the FTA and the Generalised System of Preferences.

Edita Trukšinienė

trade policy
en, lt
Free Trade Agreement between the EU and Vietnam
21-07-2020

The Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between the European Union and the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam will enter into force on 1 August 2020. In the article, we overview the benefits for trade it will bring, the proof of origin requirements, transitional provisions, and the application of the FTA and the Generalised System of Preferences.

Edita Trukšinienė

trade policy
en, fr
Controlling the invisible trade: wild plant resources and their sustainability
30-06-2020

With the current global spotlight on wild animal markets as a possible source of the COVID-19 epidemic, it is easy to forget that the biggest flows of “wildlife” in trade involve plants, not animals. There are also important conservation and health reasons to keep a close eye on the wild plant trade sector during this global health emergency.

Anastasiya Timoshyna

trade policy
en, fr
Controlling the invisible trade: wild plant resources and their sustainability
30-06-2020

With the current global spotlight on wild animal markets as a possible source of the COVID-19 epidemic, it is easy to forget that the biggest flows of “wildlife” in trade involve plants, not animals. There are also important conservation and health reasons to keep a close eye on the wild plant trade sector during this global health emergency.

Anastasiya Timoshyna

trade policy
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