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HS 2012 Explanatory Notes now available
31-10-2011

The HS 2012 explanatory notes 2012 are now available in paper format and the Alphabetical Index is under fi nal review before its publication.

tariff classification of goods
en, fr
HS 2012 Explanatory Notes now available
31-10-2011

The HS 2012 explanatory notes 2012 are now available in paper format and the Alphabetical Index is under fi nal review before its publication.

tariff classification of goods
en, fr
Customs and business, equally reaping rewards from trade facilitation
30-06-2011

Trade facilitation is sometimes mistakenly viewed as speeding up the clearance of goods regardless of revenue and other implications, thereby solely delivering benefi ts to the private sector. Indeed, when the WTO Doha Development Round started, some observers wondered if trade facilitation might not be better described as trade effi cacy. Th is implies that the goal of the negotiations should include the achievement of the broad objectives of Customs controls, such as revenue collection, security and community protection in an effi cient manner, thereby facilitating legitimate trade.

Kunio Mikuriya

customs inspections and controls
en, fr
Customs and business, equally reaping rewards from trade facilitation
30-06-2011

Trade facilitation is sometimes mistakenly viewed as speeding up the clearance of goods regardless of revenue and other implications, thereby solely delivering benefi ts to the private sector. Indeed, when the WTO Doha Development Round started, some observers wondered if trade facilitation might not be better described as trade effi cacy. Th is implies that the goal of the negotiations should include the achievement of the broad objectives of Customs controls, such as revenue collection, security and community protection in an effi cient manner, thereby facilitating legitimate trade.

Kunio Mikuriya

customs inspections and controls
en, fr
Revised Kyoto Convention marked by escalating accessions
30-06-2011

The WCO’s Revised Kyoto Convention on the simplifi cation and harmonization of Customs procedures, which entered into force on 3 February 2006, now has 76 Contracting Parties. Widely regarded as a blueprint for modern and efficient Customs procedures in the 21st Century, instruments of accession continue to be deposited with the Secretariat.

customs inspections and controls
en, fr
Revised Kyoto Convention marked by escalating accessions
30-06-2011

The WCO’s Revised Kyoto Convention on the simplifi cation and harmonization of Customs procedures, which entered into force on 3 February 2006, now has 76 Contracting Parties. Widely regarded as a blueprint for modern and efficient Customs procedures in the 21st Century, instruments of accession continue to be deposited with the Secretariat.

customs inspections and controls
en, fr
Putting trade facilitation into practice, a key WCO activity
30-06-2011

While WTO rules are intended to set out the high principles for trade facilitation such as simplifi cation, harmonization, transparency, partnership, cooperation and risk management, the WCO provides the norms to ensure their implementation.

customs inspections and controls
en, fr
Putting trade facilitation into practice, a key WCO activity
30-06-2011

While WTO rules are intended to set out the high principles for trade facilitation such as simplifi cation, harmonization, transparency, partnership, cooperation and risk management, the WCO provides the norms to ensure their implementation.

customs inspections and controls
en, fr
Trade facilitation takes centre stage in Asia/Pacific
30-06-2011

The ASIA/PACIFIC region is experiencing rapid economic growth along with increased integration of global markets for goods, services and investment. In this environment, Customs is playing an important role by facilitating the international movement of goods and people while safeguarding national and regional interests. To contribute more effectively to this economic growth, many Customs authorities in the Asia/Pacific region have been pushing themselves to reform and modernize their administrations. They are working both individually and collaboratively to make steady progress towards that goal and the WCO and the Asia/Pacifi c Regional Office for Capacity Building (ROCB A/P) have been assisting their efforts in a number of ways. Some good examples of regional efforts appear below.

Yoshihiro Kosaka

customs inspections and controls
en, fr
Trade facilitation takes centre stage in Asia/Pacific
30-06-2011

The ASIA/PACIFIC region is experiencing rapid economic growth along with increased integration of global markets for goods, services and investment. In this environment, Customs is playing an important role by facilitating the international movement of goods and people while safeguarding national and regional interests. To contribute more effectively to this economic growth, many Customs authorities in the Asia/Pacific region have been pushing themselves to reform and modernize their administrations. They are working both individually and collaboratively to make steady progress towards that goal and the WCO and the Asia/Pacifi c Regional Office for Capacity Building (ROCB A/P) have been assisting their efforts in a number of ways. Some good examples of regional efforts appear below.

Yoshihiro Kosaka

customs inspections and controls
en, fr
Cameroon combines facilitation with enforcement
30-06-2011

In february 2010 Cameroon Customs introduced a system of performance contracts signed between the Director General and a number of frontline services in the Port of Douala. The overall objective of these performance contracts was to encourage Customs officers to adopt good professional practices and to guarantee the effective application of the measures and mechanisms adopted. Th is experiment continues the reform launched in 2007, the background to which demonstrates the importance of the involvement of a Director General and the Minister of Finance, and is supported by the WCO and the World Bank.

Libom Li Likeng Minette

customs inspections and controls
en, fr
Cameroon combines facilitation with enforcement
30-06-2011

In february 2010 Cameroon Customs introduced a system of performance contracts signed between the Director General and a number of frontline services in the Port of Douala. The overall objective of these performance contracts was to encourage Customs officers to adopt good professional practices and to guarantee the effective application of the measures and mechanisms adopted. Th is experiment continues the reform launched in 2007, the background to which demonstrates the importance of the involvement of a Director General and the Minister of Finance, and is supported by the WCO and the World Bank.

Libom Li Likeng Minette

customs inspections and controls
en, fr
Facilitating trade at East Africa’s land borders
30-06-2011

The speed of processing goods, people and conveyances at East Africa’s land borders is a test of the extent to which the principles underlying the Treaty Establishing the East African Community (EAC) are being applied. Th ese principles include a commitment to the elimination of nontariff barriers in inter-regional trade, the simplifi cation and harmonization of trade documentation and procedures, 24-hour operations at border posts, and joint operations by Customs and other law enforcement agencies to promote border security. Given the robust provisions of the Treaty in regard to trade facilitation, it was possible to commence one-stop border post (OSBP) procedures at some borders on the basis of bilateral Memoranda of Understanding as enabling legislation had not been enacted. Th is situation is about to change with the expected enactment, by mid 2011, of the One Stop Border Posts Bill (2010) by the East African Legislative Assembly. This article will highlight the situation at two border posts in East Africa as a pointer to the direction in which Customs in East Africa is moving with regards to the processing of goods, people and conveyances at land borders.

Creck Buyonge Mirito

customs inspections and controls
en, fr
Facilitating trade at East Africa’s land borders
30-06-2011

The speed of processing goods, people and conveyances at East Africa’s land borders is a test of the extent to which the principles underlying the Treaty Establishing the East African Community (EAC) are being applied. Th ese principles include a commitment to the elimination of nontariff barriers in inter-regional trade, the simplifi cation and harmonization of trade documentation and procedures, 24-hour operations at border posts, and joint operations by Customs and other law enforcement agencies to promote border security. Given the robust provisions of the Treaty in regard to trade facilitation, it was possible to commence one-stop border post (OSBP) procedures at some borders on the basis of bilateral Memoranda of Understanding as enabling legislation had not been enacted. Th is situation is about to change with the expected enactment, by mid 2011, of the One Stop Border Posts Bill (2010) by the East African Legislative Assembly. This article will highlight the situation at two border posts in East Africa as a pointer to the direction in which Customs in East Africa is moving with regards to the processing of goods, people and conveyances at land borders.

Creck Buyonge Mirito

customs inspections and controls
en, fr
Focus on the review of the Harmonized System
30-06-2011

The WCO secretariat is currently rounding off its work related to the implementation of the 2012 version of the Harmonized System (HS) Nomenclature, which mainly comprises updating HS publications and tools, such as the Explanatory Notes, the Alphabetical Index and the Compendium of Classifi cation Opinions.

tariff classification of goods
en, fr
Focus on the review of the Harmonized System
30-06-2011

The WCO secretariat is currently rounding off its work related to the implementation of the 2012 version of the Harmonized System (HS) Nomenclature, which mainly comprises updating HS publications and tools, such as the Explanatory Notes, the Alphabetical Index and the Compendium of Classifi cation Opinions.

tariff classification of goods
en, fr
First Global Canine Forum held at WCO Headquarters
30-06-2011

After having dedicated 2010 to Customs-Business Partnerships and having addressed the themes of Coordinated Border Management, risk management and the use of high-performance technologies and tools through a number of diff erent activities, the time was ripe to focus on the cornerstone of Customs modernization: human resources and training, that is to say a “professional, knowledge-based service culture”. This is one of the building blocks of the WCO Customs in the 21st Century vision, and the theme for 2011.

customs inspections and controls
en, fr
First Global Canine Forum held at WCO Headquarters
30-06-2011

After having dedicated 2010 to Customs-Business Partnerships and having addressed the themes of Coordinated Border Management, risk management and the use of high-performance technologies and tools through a number of diff erent activities, the time was ripe to focus on the cornerstone of Customs modernization: human resources and training, that is to say a “professional, knowledge-based service culture”. This is one of the building blocks of the WCO Customs in the 21st Century vision, and the theme for 2011.

customs inspections and controls
en, fr
New HS rules from 1 January 2012
28-02-2011

1 January 2012 marks an important date on the international Customs and trade calendar: from then onwards the HS Nomenclature 2012 edition will be in effect.

tariff classification of goods
en, fr
New HS rules from 1 January 2012
28-02-2011

1 January 2012 marks an important date on the international Customs and trade calendar: from then onwards the HS Nomenclature 2012 edition will be in effect.

tariff classification of goods
en
Risk management: what can you really manage?
30-06-2010

There is so much written about risk management, itseemsthat there is nothing left to say. Conceptually, “risk” is used to denote perils, loss, dangerous occurrences, hazards, and even vulnerabilities. Those of us who had to teach management at college and university levels know that management from the time of Henri Fayol’s 14 principles in 1916 to current management teaching includes functional principles such as planning, organizing, commanding, controlling, leading, budgeting; principles in human resources like personnel administration, human motivation and relations, training, development and performance appraisals, and operational management. In other words, risk management, involves every aspect of an organization’s status and operations. But what aboutsecurity in a global supply chain? In the supply chain there are risk elements like third parties, foreign shippers, carriers, weather, foreign governmentinvolvement, disruption in the process, timing, language, cargo quality and quantity, and other forces.

Dr. James R. Giermanski

customs inspections and controls
en
Risk management: what can you really manage?
30-06-2010

There is so much written about risk management, itseemsthat there is nothing left to say. Conceptually, “risk” is used to denote perils, loss, dangerous occurrences, hazards, and even vulnerabilities. Those of us who had to teach management at college and university levels know that management from the time of Henri Fayol’s 14 principles in 1916 to current management teaching includes functional principles such as planning, organizing, commanding, controlling, leading, budgeting; principles in human resources like personnel administration, human motivation and relations, training, development and performance appraisals, and operational management. In other words, risk management, involves every aspect of an organization’s status and operations. But what aboutsecurity in a global supply chain? In the supply chain there are risk elements like third parties, foreign shippers, carriers, weather, foreign governmentinvolvement, disruption in the process, timing, language, cargo quality and quantity, and other forces.

Dr. James R. Giermanski

customs inspections and controls
en
WCO risk management activities
30-06-2010

Risk management is key to the overall reconciliation of the requirements of enforcement, security and facilitation. One of the biggest challenges Customs administrations are facing today is to determine how to best apply risk management to identify and mitigate risk at the operational level. As the only international intergovernmental organization that deals with Customs procedures governing trade between countries,the WCO has developed a variety of different tools which can assist and facilitate its Members’ work in managing risk.

customs inspections and controls
en
WCO risk management activities
30-06-2010

Risk management is key to the overall reconciliation of the requirements of enforcement, security and facilitation. One of the biggest challenges Customs administrations are facing today is to determine how to best apply risk management to identify and mitigate risk at the operational level. As the only international intergovernmental organization that deals with Customs procedures governing trade between countries,the WCO has developed a variety of different tools which can assist and facilitate its Members’ work in managing risk.

customs inspections and controls
en
WCO’s continued commitment to enhancing tariff classification
30-06-2010

Improving tariff classification work is recognised as a priority in the WCO Strategic Plan, which calls for the implementation of best practices in this area. These best practices are enshrined in two very important WCO Council Recommendations on the introduction of programmes for binding pre-entry classification information (1996) and on the improvement of tariff classification work and related infrastructure (1998).

tariff classification of goods
en
WCO’s continued commitment to enhancing tariff classification
30-06-2010

Improving tariff classification work is recognised as a priority in the WCO Strategic Plan, which calls for the implementation of best practices in this area. These best practices are enshrined in two very important WCO Council Recommendations on the introduction of programmes for binding pre-entry classification information (1996) and on the improvement of tariff classification work and related infrastructure (1998).

tariff classification of goods
en, fr
HS 2012, ready for take off…
28-02-2010

The WCO has published the agreed amendments to the Harmonized System (HS) nomenclature that will enter into force on 1 January 2012.

tariff classification of goods
en, fr
HS 2012, ready for take off…
28-02-2010

The WCO has published the agreed amendments to the Harmonized System (HS) nomenclature that will enter into force on 1 January 2012.

tariff classification of goods
en, fr
HS plays its part in protecting the environment
28-02-2010

Thirty-five delegates representing countries and international/regional organisations in the Asia Pacific region participated in a Green Customs Forum in Jeju (Republic of Korea) from 3-6 November 2009. Discussions centred on the efforts made by Customs to protect the environment.

tariff classification of goods
en, fr
HS plays its part in protecting the environment
28-02-2010

Thirty-five delegates representing countries and international/regional organisations in the Asia Pacific region participated in a Green Customs Forum in Jeju (Republic of Korea) from 3-6 November 2009. Discussions centred on the efforts made by Customs to protect the environment.

tariff classification of goods
en, fr
Getting ready forthe 2012 version of the HS nomenclature
31-10-2009

The World Customs Organization has issued a list of recommended amendments to the Harmonized System (HS) nomenclature that will enter into force on 1 January 2012. Affected goods include certain animals and animal products, foods and agricultural products (fruits, vegetables, grains, nuts, spices, etc.), chemical substances, wood products, textile products, machinery, furniture and video game consoles. These recommendations were adopted by the WCO Council in June 2009 and WCO Members have six months to register any objections.

tariff classification of goods
en, fr
Getting ready forthe 2012 version of the HS nomenclature
31-10-2009

The World Customs Organization has issued a list of recommended amendments to the Harmonized System (HS) nomenclature that will enter into force on 1 January 2012. Affected goods include certain animals and animal products, foods and agricultural products (fruits, vegetables, grains, nuts, spices, etc.), chemical substances, wood products, textile products, machinery, furniture and video game consoles. These recommendations were adopted by the WCO Council in June 2009 and WCO Members have six months to register any objections.

tariff classification of goods
en, fr
Container security: technologies in broad use but several challenges remain
31-10-2009

In 2008, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum completed the Secure Trade project, a research and analysis project designed to better understand the economics, efficacy, and equity of security technologies used for containerized maritime trade in the Asia-Pacific region.

customs inspections and controls
en, fr
Container security: technologies in broad use but several challenges remain
31-10-2009

In 2008, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum completed the Secure Trade project, a research and analysis project designed to better understand the economics, efficacy, and equity of security technologies used for containerized maritime trade in the Asia-Pacific region.

customs inspections and controls
en, fr
Non-intrusive inspection equipment: performance specifications
31-10-2009

The Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) has been using non-intrusive inspection (NII) equipment in cargo and passenger processing since the early 1990s. Various technologies, including x-ray machines (ranging from small cabinet systems to containerised cargo inspection systems) and hand-held radiation detection and identification equipment have been used.

customs inspections and controls
en, fr
Non-intrusive inspection equipment: performance specifications
31-10-2009

The Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (ACBPS) has been using non-intrusive inspection (NII) equipment in cargo and passenger processing since the early 1990s. Various technologies, including x-ray machines (ranging from small cabinet systems to containerised cargo inspection systems) and hand-held radiation detection and identification equipment have been used.

customs inspections and controls
en, fr
Radiation detection equipment for monitoring borders
31-10-2009

Detection of illicit trafficking of nuclear and other radioactive materials at borders is a multidimensional task, involving clear identification of roles and responsibilities at all stages of detection and response infrastructure, availability of operating procedures, deployment of border monitoring equipment, human resource development and sustainability aspects. One key element to border monitoring systems is radiation detection equipment used to detect illicit trafficking of nuclear and dangerous radioactive materials in cargo, commerce and passengers. More specifically, the focus is put on detecting components of nuclear weapons and radioactive materials out of regulatory control that can potentially be used for Radiological Dispersal Devices (RDD) – the highest priority concern for nuclear security.

customs inspections and controls
en, fr
Radiation detection equipment for monitoring borders
31-10-2009

Detection of illicit trafficking of nuclear and other radioactive materials at borders is a multidimensional task, involving clear identification of roles and responsibilities at all stages of detection and response infrastructure, availability of operating procedures, deployment of border monitoring equipment, human resource development and sustainability aspects. One key element to border monitoring systems is radiation detection equipment used to detect illicit trafficking of nuclear and dangerous radioactive materials in cargo, commerce and passengers. More specifically, the focus is put on detecting components of nuclear weapons and radioactive materials out of regulatory control that can potentially be used for Radiological Dispersal Devices (RDD) – the highest priority concern for nuclear security.

customs inspections and controls
en, fr
WCO perspectives on coordinated border management
30-06-2009

Right now, governments, the business community and individuals are focused on improving their respective financial situations as a matter of absolute necessity during this current global economic downturn. Trade is a key driver of economic performance, and implementing a coordinated border management strategy involving new levels of integration and collaboration between public and private sectors is widely seen as critical to bolster trade flows, while facilitating the achievement of national economic and societal goals.

customs inspections and controls
en, fr
WCO perspectives on coordinated border management
30-06-2009

Right now, governments, the business community and individuals are focused on improving their respective financial situations as a matter of absolute necessity during this current global economic downturn. Trade is a key driver of economic performance, and implementing a coordinated border management strategy involving new levels of integration and collaboration between public and private sectors is widely seen as critical to bolster trade flows, while facilitating the achievement of national economic and societal goals.

customs inspections and controls
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