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Resolving trade disputes beyond borders: the role of the WTO
21-08-2022

In international trade, the policies of the government of the trading partner such as the country of destination for exports may affect the business of a company. If a company conducting international trade believes that another member country of the World Trade Organization (WTO) is not complying with its obligations under a WTO Agreement and is creating trade barriers then what remedy is available under international trade law? Who can help a business entity in such a situation, which is beyond the jurisdiction of the home country? Is there any effective dispute resolution mechanism available under international trade law? How does it work? What are its strengths and weaknesses? What are the timelines for dispute resolution? How does it affect business environment? In this article these important aspects are explained for a better, certain, predictable, and fair international trading environment.

Rizwan Mahmood

law international
en
Resolving trade disputes beyond borders: the role of the WTO
21-08-2022

In international trade, the policies of the government of the trading partner such as the country of destination for exports may affect the business of a company. If a company conducting international trade believes that another member country of the World Trade Organization (WTO) is not complying with its obligations under a WTO Agreement and is creating trade barriers then what remedy is available under international trade law? Who can help a business entity in such a situation, which is beyond the jurisdiction of the home country? Is there any effective dispute resolution mechanism available under international trade law? How does it work? What are its strengths and weaknesses? What are the timelines for dispute resolution? How does it affect business environment? In this article these important aspects are explained for a better, certain, predictable, and fair international trading environment.

Rizwan Mahmood

law international
en
Mission possible: how the WTO Valuation Agreement strikes a balance between trade facilitation and customs regulation
17-07-2022

Customs valuation is one of the largest challenges in international trade. That is why the rules of customs valuation are set out in an international treaty. On the one hand, this is aimed at harmonizing the valuation rules, while on the other hand, it is aimed at protecting economic operators from the arbitrariness of the authorities and, ultimately, at helping traders. Does it really work in practice, and does it serve both public and private interests in international trade? In the article, the peculiarities of customs valuation are highlighted, which are especially important to consider for those who deal with developing and least-developed countries.

Rizwan Mahmood

law international
en
Mission possible: how the WTO Valuation Agreement strikes a balance between trade facilitation and customs regulation
17-07-2022

Customs valuation is one of the largest challenges in international trade. That is why the rules of customs valuation are set out in an international treaty. On the one hand, this is aimed at harmonizing the valuation rules, while on the other hand, it is aimed at protecting economic operators from the arbitrariness of the authorities and, ultimately, at helping traders. Does it really work in practice, and does it serve both public and private interests in international trade? In the article, the peculiarities of customs valuation are highlighted, which are especially important to consider for those who deal with developing and least-developed countries.

Rizwan Mahmood

law international
en
Supporting the green transition: challenges and way forward
01-07-2022

The WCO is celebrating its 70th anniversary this year and is taking this opportunity to look back at what it has achieved as well as at ways of responding to current challenges. One pressing issue is how to support the transition to a climate-neutral economy.

Kunio Mikuriya

law international
en
Supporting the green transition: challenges and way forward
01-07-2022

The WCO is celebrating its 70th anniversary this year and is taking this opportunity to look back at what it has achieved as well as at ways of responding to current challenges. One pressing issue is how to support the transition to a climate-neutral economy.

Kunio Mikuriya

law international
en
A few remarks on the softness of soft law in the sphere of customs classification
31-05-2022

Customs classification rules are numerous, long and technically complex. No wonder both declarants and customs authorities seek guidance as to understanding these rules. This article outlines the intricacies of hard and soft law aimed at facilitating the application of the classification provisions.

Prof Dr Krzysztof Lasiński-Sulecki

law international
en
A few remarks on the softness of soft law in the sphere of customs classification
31-05-2022

Customs classification rules are numerous, long and technically complex. No wonder both declarants and customs authorities seek guidance as to understanding these rules. This article outlines the intricacies of hard and soft law aimed at facilitating the application of the classification provisions.

Prof Dr Krzysztof Lasiński-Sulecki

law international
en
What strategies may EU traders use to overcome trade barriers?
31-05-2022

Recently, the European Commission (EC) terminated the examination procedure concerning obstacles to trade applied by Mexico (see Commission implementing decision (EU) 2022/161, 3.2.2022). This was because the dispute regarding Tequila export licenses was resolved in favour of EU exports by domestic courts in Mexico. The example reveals that exporters can cope with trade barriers in several ways: in courts, and through complaints to the EC.

Dr. Ilona Mishchenko

law international
en
What strategies may EU traders use to overcome trade barriers?
31-05-2022

Recently, the European Commission (EC) terminated the examination procedure concerning obstacles to trade applied by Mexico (see Commission implementing decision (EU) 2022/161, 3.2.2022). This was because the dispute regarding Tequila export licenses was resolved in favour of EU exports by domestic courts in Mexico. The example reveals that exporters can cope with trade barriers in several ways: in courts, and through complaints to the EC.

Dr. Ilona Mishchenko

law international
en
What exporters should know about licensing barriers?
03-04-2022

Due to the non-transparent import licensing requirements in many countries, such as Turkey, India, Malaysia, Brazil, and Argentina, to mention a few, exporters are denied trade opportunities, which these days are especially important for those who lost their export markets after Russia invaded Ukraine. The article introduces basic information on automatic and non-automatic licensing and provides practical examples of some non-transparent licensing regimes worldwide that must be considered when choosing new export markets.

Dr. Ilona Mishchenko

law international
en
What exporters should know about licensing barriers?
03-04-2022

Due to the non-transparent import licensing requirements in many countries, such as Turkey, India, Malaysia, Brazil, and Argentina, to mention a few, exporters are denied trade opportunities, which these days are especially important for those who lost their export markets after Russia invaded Ukraine. The article introduces basic information on automatic and non-automatic licensing and provides practical examples of some non-transparent licensing regimes worldwide that must be considered when choosing new export markets.

Dr. Ilona Mishchenko

law international
lt
GATT 1947 saugumą užtikrinančios išimtys
01-03-2022

Ukraina kreipiasi (žr. žemiau Muitinės praktikų asociacijos iš Ukrainos EBA asociacijos atstovų gautas raštas) su siekiu, kad kitos valstybės taikytų plačiausią embargo Rusijos prekėms, vadovaujantis 1947 m. Bendrojo susitarimo dėl muitų tarifų ir prekybos XXI straipsniu, ir taip prisidėtų prie kritinės situacijos suvaldymo. Apžvelkime plačiau šias išimtis numatantį straipsnį ir jo taikymo sąlygas.

Evelina Šliogerė

law international
lt
GATT 1947 saugumą užtikrinančios išimtys
01-03-2022

Ukraina kreipiasi (žr. žemiau Muitinės praktikų asociacijos iš Ukrainos EBA asociacijos atstovų gautas raštas) su siekiu, kad kitos valstybės taikytų plačiausią embargo Rusijos prekėms, vadovaujantis 1947 m. Bendrojo susitarimo dėl muitų tarifų ir prekybos XXI straipsniu, ir taip prisidėtų prie kritinės situacijos suvaldymo. Apžvelkime plačiau šias išimtis numatantį straipsnį ir jo taikymo sąlygas.

Evelina Šliogerė

law international
en, lt
PEM Convention: application of the new rules of origin in the machinery sector
11-02-2022

As of September 1st, 2021, there are new rules of origin in the European structure of the Pan-Euro-Mediterranean (PEM) Convention that apply in parallel to the previous rules of origin as part of a transitional phase. They are called 'transitional rules'. The new rules of origin provide breathing space in the machinery sector (HS chapters 84, 85 and 90) for those companies that have to work with small margins.

Thomas Woodtli

law international
en, lt
PEM Convention: application of the new rules of origin in the machinery sector
11-02-2022

As of September 1st, 2021, there are new rules of origin in the European structure of the Pan-Euro-Mediterranean (PEM) Convention that apply in parallel to the previous rules of origin as part of a transitional phase. They are called 'transitional rules'. The new rules of origin provide breathing space in the machinery sector (HS chapters 84, 85 and 90) for those companies that have to work with small margins.

Thomas Woodtli

law international
en
Implementation of Common Transit and NCTS: Ukrainian realities and challenges
11-02-2022

The article analyses EU policies on the extension of Common Transit and the New Computerized Transit System (NCTS) to associated countries given the case of Ukraine. The decision on accepting Ukraine to join the Convention on Common Transit may be expected in 2022. Otherwise, considering the EU plans to complete the transition to the NCTS Phase 6 in the second quarter of 2025, the accession may be delayed until the end of 2025.

Roman Kril

law international
en
Implementation of Common Transit and NCTS: Ukrainian realities and challenges
11-02-2022

The article analyses EU policies on the extension of Common Transit and the New Computerized Transit System (NCTS) to associated countries given the case of Ukraine. The decision on accepting Ukraine to join the Convention on Common Transit may be expected in 2022. Otherwise, considering the EU plans to complete the transition to the NCTS Phase 6 in the second quarter of 2025, the accession may be delayed until the end of 2025.

Roman Kril

law international
en, lt
ATA system for temporary admission
07-01-2022

ATA is an international customs system that provides for the application of the procedure for the temporary admission of goods into the territory of the participating countries free of duties and taxes and without providing additional guarantees to customs authorities.

law international
en, lt
ATA system for temporary admission
07-01-2022

ATA is an international customs system that provides for the application of the procedure for the temporary admission of goods into the territory of the participating countries free of duties and taxes and without providing additional guarantees to customs authorities.

law international
lt
Tarptautinių švelniosios teisės (soft-law) šaltinių taikymas muitiniam įvertinimui: Lietuvos ir ES teismų požiūris
29-11-2021

Leidinyje „Muitų teisė praktikams“ (2021 m. spalio mėn.) numeryje (Nr. 101) buvo aptarta Europos Komisijos parengto Muitinio įvertinimo sąvado (Kompendiumas) naujoji redakcija. Neabejotina, kad šis ES institucijų parengtas vadinamosios „švelniosios“ (soft-law) teisės šaltinis, apimantis rekomendacinio pobūdžio išaiškinimus dėl prekių muitinės vertės deklaravimo, bus itin svarbus siekiant užtikrinti vieningą ir teisingą muitinio įvertinimo principų ir bendrųjų nuostatų taikymą ES valstybėse narėse. Plėtojant ir papildant šią temą, šiame straispnyje siekiama atsakyti į klausimą, o kokia yra kitų (ne ES institucijų priimtų) tarptautinių švelniosios (soft-law) teisės šaltinių reikšmė būtent konkrečiai muitinio įvertinimo procese ir kaip jie taikomi praktiškai, pavyzdžiui, teismų praktikoje, ginčuose su muitine.

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

law international
lt
Tarptautinių švelniosios teisės (soft-law) šaltinių taikymas muitiniam įvertinimui: Lietuvos ir ES teismų požiūris
29-11-2021

Leidinyje „Muitų teisė praktikams“ (2021 m. spalio mėn.) numeryje (Nr. 101) buvo aptarta Europos Komisijos parengto Muitinio įvertinimo sąvado (Kompendiumas) naujoji redakcija. Neabejotina, kad šis ES institucijų parengtas vadinamosios „švelniosios“ (soft-law) teisės šaltinis, apimantis rekomendacinio pobūdžio išaiškinimus dėl prekių muitinės vertės deklaravimo, bus itin svarbus siekiant užtikrinti vieningą ir teisingą muitinio įvertinimo principų ir bendrųjų nuostatų taikymą ES valstybėse narėse. Plėtojant ir papildant šią temą, šiame straispnyje siekiama atsakyti į klausimą, o kokia yra kitų (ne ES institucijų priimtų) tarptautinių švelniosios (soft-law) teisės šaltinių reikšmė būtent konkrečiai muitinio įvertinimo procese ir kaip jie taikomi praktiškai, pavyzdžiui, teismų praktikoje, ginčuose su muitine.

Dr. Gediminas Valantiejus

law international
lt
Muitų teisės aktualijos 2021 ruduo –
28min
image

Enrika Naujokė

‎ €34.99
law international
lt
Muitų teisės aktualijos 2021 ruduo – 2022 m.
28min
image

Enrika Naujokė

‎ €34.99
law international
en, fr
African Continental Free Trade Area: Background and Role of Customs
20-11-2021

Agreement Establishing the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) was signed on 21 March 2018. The AfCFTA is the latest of many regional integration initiatives that go back to the years prior to the colonization of Africa, of integration efforts by the colonial powers, and of initiatives by the independent African States.

Creck Buyonge Mirito

law international
en, fr
African Continental Free Trade Area: Background and Role of Customs
20-11-2021

Agreement Establishing the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) was signed on 21 March 2018. The AfCFTA is the latest of many regional integration initiatives that go back to the years prior to the colonization of Africa, of integration efforts by the colonial powers, and of initiatives by the independent African States.

Creck Buyonge Mirito

law international
en, fr
SACU Members make progress in enhancing the uniform application of their Common External Tariff
20-11-2021

The Southern African Customs Union (SACU) consists of five Member States – Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia and South Africa – with a combined population of over 63 million people and a combined GDP in excess of 300 billion US dollars. It is the oldest functioning Customs Union in the world, dating back to 1910.

SACU and the WCO Secretariats

law international
en, fr
SACU Members make progress in enhancing the uniform application of their Common External Tariff
20-11-2021

The Southern African Customs Union (SACU) consists of five Member States – Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia and South Africa – with a combined population of over 63 million people and a combined GDP in excess of 300 billion US dollars. It is the oldest functioning Customs Union in the world, dating back to 1910.

SACU and the WCO Secretariats

law international
en, lt
Changes in the application of the Pan-Euro-Mediterranean (PEM) rules of preferential origin from 1 September 2021
28-09-2021

The contracting parties to the PEM Convention have agreed on the application of the transitional rules pending the application of the modernized PEM Convention. This opens the possibility for economic operators to choose between the rules of preferential origin set out in the PEM Convention and the transitional rules. The latter rules are in many cases more flexible and simpler. Let us look at this new possibility.

Edita Trukšinienė

law international
en, lt
Changes in the application of the Pan-Euro-Mediterranean (PEM) rules of preferential origin from 1 September 2021
28-09-2021

The contracting parties to the PEM Convention have agreed on the application of the transitional rules pending the application of the modernized PEM Convention. This opens the possibility for economic operators to choose between the rules of preferential origin set out in the PEM Convention and the transitional rules. The latter rules are in many cases more flexible and simpler. Let us look at this new possibility.

Edita Trukšinienė

law international
en
EU-Mercosur Association Agreement: the opportunities for European products in Brazil
14-08-2021

On July 7, 2021, Brazil disclosed its tariff elimination schedule embodied in the EU-Mercosur Association Agreement announced on June 28, 2019, in Brussels (Belgium). The official documents will only be binding after the ratification in each Member-State. However, the disclosed Annex gives an idea to European traders and practitioners of the gains that can be obtained when the deal enters into force.

Thális Andrade

law international
en
EU-Mercosur Association Agreement: the opportunities for European products in Brazil
14-08-2021

On July 7, 2021, Brazil disclosed its tariff elimination schedule embodied in the EU-Mercosur Association Agreement announced on June 28, 2019, in Brussels (Belgium). The official documents will only be binding after the ratification in each Member-State. However, the disclosed Annex gives an idea to European traders and practitioners of the gains that can be obtained when the deal enters into force.

Thális Andrade

law international
en, fr, lt
Revising RKC Specific Annex K: key aspects of the proposal and of its objectives
08-07-2021

The International Convention on the Simplification and Harmonization of Customs Procedures (Kyoto Convention) entered into force in 1974. To keep pace with the evolution of governments and international trade, the Kyoto Convention was revised in the 1990s and entered into force as the Revised Kyoto Convention (RKC) on 3 February 2006. The RKC became the blueprint for modern and efficient Customs procedures for years to come.

Roman Brühwiler

law international
en, fr, lt
Revising RKC Specific Annex K: key aspects of the proposal and of its objectives
08-07-2021

The International Convention on the Simplification and Harmonization of Customs Procedures (Kyoto Convention) entered into force in 1974. To keep pace with the evolution of governments and international trade, the Kyoto Convention was revised in the 1990s and entered into force as the Revised Kyoto Convention (RKC) on 3 February 2006. The RKC became the blueprint for modern and efficient Customs procedures for years to come.

Roman Brühwiler

law international
en
Managing customs risk and compliance: an integrated approach
14-04-2021

This article introduces a contemporary framework for managing compliance in the customs context that fully integrates the principal elements of customs risk and compliance management. In doing so, it explores the manifold resources that have been developed by the World Customs Organization (WCO) and other parties that may be used by administrations to support implementation of the framework. The integrated model draws together the author’s contribution to the literature over several years and provides practitioners with a logical and inclusive methodology for managing compliance at a strategic or operational level.

Professor David Widdowson

law international
en
Managing customs risk and compliance: an integrated approach
14-04-2021

This article introduces a contemporary framework for managing compliance in the customs context that fully integrates the principal elements of customs risk and compliance management. In doing so, it explores the manifold resources that have been developed by the World Customs Organization (WCO) and other parties that may be used by administrations to support implementation of the framework. The integrated model draws together the author’s contribution to the literature over several years and provides practitioners with a logical and inclusive methodology for managing compliance at a strategic or operational level.

Professor David Widdowson

law international
en, lt
Customs law and the international context
07-04-2021

We, Milda Stravinskė and Monika Bielskienė, met to discuss the broader international context of our day-to-day customs activities. First and foremost, customs law is a 'companion' to international trade, so the international context and cooperation, common rules, agreements, and approaches, are inevitable. No importer or customs authority operates in isolation. The need to reconcile many spheres and interests leads to an abundance of international agreements and requirements. While preparing the courses for customs brokers, we both saw the need to disclose this context to our future colleagues. The easiest way to do this is by sharing personal experiences. So we talked about it.

Monika Bielskienė

law international
en, lt
Customs law and the international context
07-04-2021

We, Milda Stravinskė and Monika Bielskienė, met to discuss the broader international context of our day-to-day customs activities. First and foremost, customs law is a 'companion' to international trade, so the international context and cooperation, common rules, agreements, and approaches, are inevitable. No importer or customs authority operates in isolation. The need to reconcile many spheres and interests leads to an abundance of international agreements and requirements. While preparing the courses for customs brokers, we both saw the need to disclose this context to our future colleagues. The easiest way to do this is by sharing personal experiences. So we talked about it.

Monika Bielskienė

law international
lt
Incoterms® 2020 sąlygų apžvalga (II dalis)
19-12-2020

Tarptautinių Incoterms taisyklių svarba prekybai yra neabejotina. Verslas jas taiko tarptautinėje prekyboje siekdamas išvengti netikėtumų ir rizikos dėl nenumatytų išlaidų bei ginčų. Prekybos įmonės turėtų įsitikinti, kad jos žino apie naujas Incoterms 2020 taisykles, peržiūrėti savo sutartis ir, reikalui esant, atlikti būtinus pakeitimus, galimai ir savo specialistų žinių tobulinimu pasirūpinti. Teisingas pristatymo sąlygų pasirinkimas taip pat palengvins muitinės formalumų atlikimą ir bus aiškūs atsakymai dėl sandorio vertės tikslinimo/ netikslinimo prekių gabenimo išlaidomis.

Halina Černiauskienė

law international
lt
Incoterms® 2020 sąlygų apžvalga (II dalis)
19-12-2020

Tarptautinių Incoterms taisyklių svarba prekybai yra neabejotina. Verslas jas taiko tarptautinėje prekyboje siekdamas išvengti netikėtumų ir rizikos dėl nenumatytų išlaidų bei ginčų. Prekybos įmonės turėtų įsitikinti, kad jos žino apie naujas Incoterms 2020 taisykles, peržiūrėti savo sutartis ir, reikalui esant, atlikti būtinus pakeitimus, galimai ir savo specialistų žinių tobulinimu pasirūpinti. Teisingas pristatymo sąlygų pasirinkimas taip pat palengvins muitinės formalumų atlikimą ir bus aiškūs atsakymai dėl sandorio vertės tikslinimo/ netikslinimo prekių gabenimo išlaidomis.

Halina Černiauskienė

law international
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