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e-Certificate of Origin: the failing vision of efficiency and a possible solution
26-12-2023

The World Customs Organization has published a comprehensive study on the digitalisation of the Certificate of Origin (CO). This article provides a short summary of the existing CO issues and suggests some solutions that could help achieve the long-term digitalisation goals – such as the framework for trusted digital signatures currently used in the EU.

Dr Ramūnas Šablinskas

origin
en
e-Certificate of Origin: the failing vision of efficiency and a possible solution
26-12-2023

The World Customs Organization has published a comprehensive study on the digitalisation of the Certificate of Origin (CO). This article provides a short summary of the existing CO issues and suggests some solutions that could help achieve the long-term digitalisation goals – such as the framework for trusted digital signatures currently used in the EU.

Dr Ramūnas Šablinskas

origin
en, lt
Determination of the non-preferential origin of goods: All you need is... luck
10-12-2023

Legal clarity and certainty are what compliant companies need in order to be able to concentrate on their core activities. Legislators are trying to fulfil this need by, for example, introducing additional legislation such as binding information (BI) decisions. Frustratingly, the more legislation, the less clarity. BI decisions issued by customs authorities can be overturned by the European Commission (e.g. Harley-Davidson case), or the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) can rule in a dispute over a BI decision that the European Commission has exceeded its powers when adopting delegated legislation, which raises the question of how binding the rules laid down in the delegated regulations, e.g. the UCC Delegated Act, are. On the latter, we provide a brief overview of a recent CJEU judgement on the rules of non-preferential origin.

Enrika Naujokė

origin
en, lt
Determination of the non-preferential origin of goods: All you need is... luck
10-12-2023

Legal clarity and certainty are what compliant companies need in order to be able to concentrate on their core activities. Legislators are trying to fulfil this need by, for example, introducing additional legislation such as binding information (BI) decisions. Frustratingly, the more legislation, the less clarity. BI decisions issued by customs authorities can be overturned by the European Commission (e.g. Harley-Davidson case), or the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) can rule in a dispute over a BI decision that the European Commission has exceeded its powers when adopting delegated legislation, which raises the question of how binding the rules laid down in the delegated regulations, e.g. the UCC Delegated Act, are. On the latter, we provide a brief overview of a recent CJEU judgement on the rules of non-preferential origin.

Enrika Naujokė

origin
en, lt
Thoughts on non-preferential & Deep origin
03-12-2023

The fundamental premise of these notes is that the absence of any harmonization for rules of non-preferential rules of origin is increasingly and very rapidly creating additional discriminatory opportunities to expand and extend the scope and impact of a wide range of trade policies and trade restrictions. A brief analysis will provide a few examples of this phenomena, including an examination of its probable causes, and possible approaches to mitigate related barriers to international trade. The final notes will examine potential information and data contradictions in the current efforts to control so-called 'negative externalities' by way of 'deep origin' requirements, such as forced labour and carbon measures, at the border.

Brian Staples

origin
en, lt
Thoughts on non-preferential & Deep origin
03-12-2023

The fundamental premise of these notes is that the absence of any harmonization for rules of non-preferential rules of origin is increasingly and very rapidly creating additional discriminatory opportunities to expand and extend the scope and impact of a wide range of trade policies and trade restrictions. A brief analysis will provide a few examples of this phenomena, including an examination of its probable causes, and possible approaches to mitigate related barriers to international trade. The final notes will examine potential information and data contradictions in the current efforts to control so-called 'negative externalities' by way of 'deep origin' requirements, such as forced labour and carbon measures, at the border.

Brian Staples

origin
en, lt
The developments of mega-free trade agreements
01-10-2023

The development of free trade areas around the world, with most attention paid to the Asia-Pacific region and the Americas, is a major theme of the article. It also raises the question of the role of the EU in this development. The article is based on the presentation at the European Customs Practitioners' Conference held in Vilnius, Lithuania on 25-26 May and online.

Prof. Dr. Hans-Michael Wolffgang

origin
en, lt
The developments of mega-free trade agreements
01-10-2023

The development of free trade areas around the world, with most attention paid to the Asia-Pacific region and the Americas, is a major theme of the article. It also raises the question of the role of the EU in this development. The article is based on the presentation at the European Customs Practitioners' Conference held in Vilnius, Lithuania on 25-26 May and online.

Prof. Dr. Hans-Michael Wolffgang

origin
en
Supplier's declaration in preferential trade: when to use it?
25-06-2023

Global trade based on preferential treatment offers benefits to its participants. The main one is a reduction in financial costs due to the application of reduced tariff rates when the goods have a preferential origin. In other words, if a product originates in one country and is sold to another country with which there is a preferential trade agreement, the product may be subject to a reduced or even zero duty rate. However, the mere fact that the goods originate in a particular country is not enough to qualify for such benefits. The preferential origin of the goods must be proven, so that the customs authorities do not suspect any manipulation or fraud on the part of importers. Each specific preferential trade agreement sets out acceptable ways of proving the preferential origin of goods. A supplier's declaration is one of the means of proof. Let us find out what it is and when it can be used.

Annette Reiser

origin
en
Supplier's declaration in preferential trade: when to use it?
25-06-2023

Global trade based on preferential treatment offers benefits to its participants. The main one is a reduction in financial costs due to the application of reduced tariff rates when the goods have a preferential origin. In other words, if a product originates in one country and is sold to another country with which there is a preferential trade agreement, the product may be subject to a reduced or even zero duty rate. However, the mere fact that the goods originate in a particular country is not enough to qualify for such benefits. The preferential origin of the goods must be proven, so that the customs authorities do not suspect any manipulation or fraud on the part of importers. Each specific preferential trade agreement sets out acceptable ways of proving the preferential origin of goods. A supplier's declaration is one of the means of proof. Let us find out what it is and when it can be used.

Annette Reiser

origin
en
Non-preferential origin & punitive tariffs
08min
image

Enrika Naujokė

‎ €15.99
origin
en
Non-preferential origin & punitive tariffs
08min
image

Enrika Naujokė

‎ €15.99
origin
en, lt
Harley-Davidson case highlights limits of binding origin information in Union customs law
07-05-2023

In the European Union customs law, it is possible for an economic operator to obtain binding tariff or origin information decisions, which provide assurance about the tariff classification or origin of goods. However, does such a customs decision always guarantee legal security just because national customs has issued a favorable decision to the trader?

Jonas Sakalauskas

origin
en, lt
Harley-Davidson case highlights limits of binding origin information in Union customs law
07-05-2023

In the European Union customs law, it is possible for an economic operator to obtain binding tariff or origin information decisions, which provide assurance about the tariff classification or origin of goods. However, does such a customs decision always guarantee legal security just because national customs has issued a favorable decision to the trader?

Jonas Sakalauskas

origin
en
Preferential origin: supplier's declaration
19min
image

Annette Reiser

‎ €19.79
origin
en
Preferential origin: supplier's declaration in the EU
19min
image

Annette Reiser

‎ €19.79
origin
en
Issues of preferential and non-preferential
01h 05min
image

Anthony Buckley

‎ €79.50
origin
en
Issues of preferential and non-preferential origin in complex supply chains
01h 05min
image

Anthony Buckley

‎ €79.50
origin
en, lt
Software installation and origin of goods
11-09-2022

Reader's question: ‘We export certain devices to Ukraine. The product-specific rule is based on the value criterion. Can the value of expensive software, which was created and developed in the EU, be counted as the value of originating materials?’ To answer this question, we review various aspects of the topic, which is becoming increasingly important, as more and more goods do not function without software.

Enrika Naujokė

origin
en, lt
Software installation and origin of goods
11-09-2022

Reader's question: ‘We export certain devices to Ukraine. The product-specific rule is based on the value criterion. Can the value of expensive software, which was created and developed in the EU, be counted as the value of originating materials?’ To answer this question, we review various aspects of the topic, which is becoming increasingly important, as more and more goods do not function without software.

Enrika Naujokė

origin
en
Origin vs status of goods
03min
image

Annette Reiser

‎ €14.99
origin
en
Origin vs status of goods
03min
image

Annette Reiser

‎ €14.99
origin
en
'Made in...' vs origin of goods
02min
image

Annette Reiser

‎ €9.99
origin
en
'Made in...' vs origin of goods
02min
image

Annette Reiser

‎ €9.99
origin
en
Preferential origin: direct transport
15min
image

Muita UAB

‎ €39.99
origin
en
Preferential origin: direct transport rule
15min
image

Muita UAB

‎ €39.99
origin
en, lt
Post-clearance verification of preferential origin of goods
17-04-2022

Customs may carry out post-clearance verification of the preferential origin of goods. As a result, a letter from customs might appear on the importer's desk stating that the preferential tariff treatment has been denied. In this article, we look at what is the process of post-clearance verification of preferential origin set out in some of the free trade agreements of Canada, the UK and the EU. Also, we provide practical examples and suggestions on how the preferential origin-related risk could be managed by importers.

Peter Mitchell

origin
en, lt
Post-clearance verification of preferential origin of goods
17-04-2022

Customs may carry out post-clearance verification of the preferential origin of goods. As a result, a letter from customs might appear on the importer's desk stating that the preferential tariff treatment has been denied. In this article, we look at what is the process of post-clearance verification of preferential origin set out in some of the free trade agreements of Canada, the UK and the EU. Also, we provide practical examples and suggestions on how the preferential origin-related risk could be managed by importers.

Peter Mitchell

origin
en
Customs issues related to trade in purported forced labor
03-03-2022

While many countries of the world find it morally correct to act regarding the importation of forced labor products, in the case of Xinjiang cotton the actions will be very difficult to achieve. Countries may enact “feel good” laws forbidding importation of such products and international bodies can develop guidelines and principles in commerce, but without the proper enforcement tools nothing can be accomplished unless these laws and guidelines can be enforced.

Ira Reese

origin
en
Customs issues related to trade in purported forced labor
03-03-2022

While many countries of the world find it morally correct to act regarding the importation of forced labor products, in the case of Xinjiang cotton the actions will be very difficult to achieve. Countries may enact “feel good” laws forbidding importation of such products and international bodies can develop guidelines and principles in commerce, but without the proper enforcement tools nothing can be accomplished unless these laws and guidelines can be enforced.

Ira Reese

origin
en
Non-government controlled territories and free trade agreements
28-02-2022

As is well known, the war started by Russia in Ukraine affects a wide range of areas, both security and economic. It may also affect aspects related to imports and exports between Israel and Ukraine, which have signed a free trade agreement (FTA) in 2019. The reminder on that comes from the European Commission, which on February 23rd, 2022 released a notice to importers regarding imports from the non-government controlled territories of the Donetsk and Lugansk oblasts of Ukraine.

Omer Wagner

origin
en
Non-government controlled territories and free trade agreements
28-02-2022

As is well known, the war started by Russia in Ukraine affects a wide range of areas, both security and economic. It may also affect aspects related to imports and exports between Israel and Ukraine, which have signed a free trade agreement (FTA) in 2019. The reminder on that comes from the European Commission, which on February 23rd, 2022 released a notice to importers regarding imports from the non-government controlled territories of the Donetsk and Lugansk oblasts of Ukraine.

Omer Wagner

origin
en, lt
Origin of goods
28-02-2022

The rules of non-preferential origin are specific provisions, developed from principles established by national legislation or international agreements ('origin criteria'), applied by a country to determine the origin of goods.

origin
en, lt
Origin of goods
28-02-2022

The rules of non-preferential origin are specific provisions, developed from principles established by national legislation or international agreements ('origin criteria'), applied by a country to determine the origin of goods.

origin
en, lt
PEM Convention: application of the new rules of origin in the machinery sector
11-02-2022

As of September 1st, 2021, there are new rules of origin in the European structure of the Pan-Euro-Mediterranean (PEM) Convention that apply in parallel to the previous rules of origin as part of a transitional phase. They are called 'transitional rules'. The new rules of origin provide breathing space in the machinery sector (HS chapters 84, 85 and 90) for those companies that have to work with small margins.

Thomas Woodtli

origin
en, lt
PEM Convention: application of the new rules of origin in the machinery sector
11-02-2022

As of September 1st, 2021, there are new rules of origin in the European structure of the Pan-Euro-Mediterranean (PEM) Convention that apply in parallel to the previous rules of origin as part of a transitional phase. They are called 'transitional rules'. The new rules of origin provide breathing space in the machinery sector (HS chapters 84, 85 and 90) for those companies that have to work with small margins.

Thomas Woodtli

origin
en, lt
Basics in customs: commodity code, origin
15min
image

Muita UAB

‎ €39.89
origin
en, lt
Basics in customs: commodity code, origin and duties, customs value
15min
image

Muita UAB

‎ €39.89
origin
en, lt
The pitfalls of free trade agreements – claiming back duty paid due to error
27-11-2021

Let’s examine one specific pitfall importers/exports frequently fall victim to when trading under the auspices of a free trade agreement.

Samuel Draginich

origin
en, lt
The pitfalls of free trade agreements – claiming back duty paid due to error
27-11-2021

Let’s examine one specific pitfall importers/exports frequently fall victim to when trading under the auspices of a free trade agreement.

Samuel Draginich

origin
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